"[Reverend G.T. Gillespie and Reverend Reid Miller were the] patron saints of the Citizens' Council."

Charles Marsh: Hudgins was in good company among Mississippi white conservative Protestant clergy.  Reverend G. T. Gillespie, President Emeritus of Belhaven College at the times, had written an influential pamphlet, A Christian View on Segregation, which the Citizens' Council published in 1954 and distributed widely.  Gillespie offered theological and biblical justifications of segregation and argued that although the apostle Paul described the unity of all believers in Christ as to "a spiritual relationship resulting from the mystical union of each believer with Christ", Paul did not have in mind the unity of Christians "in external relations and the wiping out of all distinctions of race, nationality, social status, sex or cultural heritage." (1)   Gillespie invoked the "mark of Cain", "the promiscuous intermarriage" in the Old Testament of the descendants of Seth, and "the Confusion of Tongues" in the story of Babel (to name just a few of his biblical sources) as evidence that segregation was one of God's and nature's universal laws. Gillespie's views, shared (for example) by the Reverend Reid Miller, long time pastor of the affluent First Presbyterian Church in Jackson, earned the two men reputation as the "patron saints of the Citizens' Council". (2)

(1) G. T. Gillespie, A Christian View on Segregation (Winona, Mississippi:  Association of Citizens' Council, 1954), p. 12.

(2) Wilson Minor Interview.  Charles Marsh.

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