Sam Bowers

Mr. Sam Bowers

As Imperial Wizard of the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Bowers ruled over a four-year campaign of pervasive white terrorism during which he was suspected of orchestrating at least nine murders, seventy-five bombings of black churches, and three hundred assaults, bombings, and beatings.

Quotes from interviews with this actor are listed below. To see excerpts from interview transcripts, click on the associated Excerpts link below each quote.

"It is my hope that the pagan media and academic establishment will implode on the force of its own corruption and stagnation."
"The civil rights movement was devoid of grace; it was using some unfortunate people as means to a communistic end."
"I think I came here as a priest… The priest is more concerned with heresy than with sin; sins can be forgiven; heresy must be eliminated."

Find below primary and secondary resources located in the Project on Lived Theology's Civil Rights Archive associated with this Actor. Click on a title to see the full record.

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2001 Charles Marsh Ken Dean, Interview Notes - April 12, 2001
2000 Jerry Mitchell Stringer Recalls "Elimination" Plan
2000 Staff Writer State Considers Pursuing Murder Charges in Case
1998 Unknown Laurel Leader-Call 1968 Article Call Sheet
1998 Jerry Mitchell Dahmer's Files Turned Over to Authorities
1998 Curtis Wilkie Klansman's Defense Accuses State of Leading 'A Persecution Mississippi Trial Revisits 1966 Case
1998 Jerry Mitchell Spy Records Sought in Dahmer's Death: Files Requested on 25 People in Killing of Civil Rights Activist
1998 Unknown Laurel Leader-Call 1968 Article Call Sheet: April-July
1998 Jerry Mitchell Dahmer Witness Fears for Life: Billy Roy Pitts Still at Large; Officials Hope He'll Cooperate in Reopened Probe
1998 Jerry Mitchell Authorities Study Bowers Transcripts: '80s Interviews May Show Klansman's Role in Vernon Dahmer Death
1998 JMC Ledger J. Mitchell Pieces
1998 Jerry Mitchell Dahmer Case Attracts International Media: News Outlets from Around World Show Interest in Possible Bowers Retrial
1998 Jerry Mitchell Pitts Saga Baffles Justice Experts: Expert 'Never Heard of' Convict Walking Away from a Life Sentence
1998 Jerry Mitchell Notes Link Former DA to Release of Pitts: Convicted Dahmer Killer Told to Steer Clear of Mississippi, Notes Claim
1998 Jerry Mitchell Klansman's Interviews Subpoenaed in Dahmer Case: Tape Recordings of Sam Bowers Are in State Archives Library
1998 Jerry Mitchell Pitts Plans to Surrender Soon: In Tape left at Clarion-Ledger, Former Klansman Apologizes for Violence
1998 Jerry Mitchell Ex-Klansman Pitts Surrenders: Convicted in Killing of Vernon Dahmer, Pitts Has Not Served State Sentence
1998 Jerry Mitchell Authorities Discover Missing Dahmer Trial Transcript: State Law Allows Transcript Testimony to be Used in New Trials
1998 Curtis Wilkie Ex-Member Casts Klan Activities as 'Benevolent' Testifies in Trial on 1966 Arson Killing
1998 Jerry Mitchell Bowers Admitted Jury Tampering, Documents Show: Intimidation, Contact by Klan Used to Sway Jurors, FBI Notes Say
1998 Curtis Wilkie Ex-Klansman Details Fiery 1966 Attack Civil Rights
1997
Jerry Mitchell
Beverly Pettigrew Kraft
Do Klansman's Memoirs Tell 'Truth' on Killings?: Sam Bower's Manuscript Supposedly Tells Who Really Killed King and Evers
1997 Jerry Mitchell Notes Threaten to Shed Light on Activists' Deaths: Friend of Sam Bowers Claims Book Names "Real" Killers of Civil Rights Leaders
1997 Jerry Mitchell Capone's, Bowers' Stories Run Parallel, Perhaps Even to Ending: If Charges Emerge from Gaming Probe, Bowers May Join famous Gangster in Slip-Up
1997
Charles Marsh
Bob Zellner
Bob Zellner Interview, New York City, NY, 10/29/97
1997 Jerry Mitchell Bowers Suspected in Illegal Gaming Operation: Renewed Probe of 1966 Firebombing Leads to Scrutiny of Ex-Klansman's Activities
1995
Charles Marsh
Bob Zellner
Interview with Bob Zellner, 3/29/1995
1994
Charles Marsh
Sam Bowers
Interview with Sam H. Bowers, Jr., 8/26/1994: Uncle Roy's Home Cookin and Strick's Barbecue
1994 Charles Marsh In Search of Sam Bowers
1994 Charles Marsh Kenneth Christopherson, Interview Notes 7/19/1994
1994
Charles Marsh
Spencer Perkins
Spencer Perkins Interview
1994
Charles Marsh
Sam Bowers
Interview with Sam H. Bowers, Jr., 8/21/1994: Stick's Barbecue Restaurant
1994
Charles Marsh
Ed King
Ed King Interview, Philadelphia, MS, 8/24/1994
1994 Charles Marsh Charles Pickering, Interview Notes 8/8/1994, Big Creek, MS
1994
Charles Marsh
Sam Bowers
Interview with Sam Bowers, 8/28/1994: Strick's Barbecue
1994 Ken H. Fortenberry Secrets in Dahmer Firebombing Didn't Die with Hero
1993 Charles Marsh Letter From Charles Marsh to Jack Nelson
1993 Sam Bowers Sam Bowers to Charles Marsh
1993
Charles Marsh
Will Campbell
Will Campbell Interview, 7/6/1993
1988 Unknown Kill 1, Wound 3 in Bomb Attempt: Link Action to Ku Klux
1981 Sam Bowers Letter from Sam Bowers to Jack Nelson
1980 Gary McElroy Church Preaches Gospel of Race
1968 Unknown Jury Still Out in Bowers Case
1968 Unknown Jackson Bombing: Hinds Jury Indicts Ten
1968 Unknown In Dahmer Case: Sessum's Trial Starts Monday
1968 Elliott Chaze At Hattiesburg: Bowers Trial Nearing Jury
1968 Unknown Buckley Awaits Kidnap Sentence
1968 Unknown Former Klan Chief Begins Prison Term
1968 Charles Marsh Notes on a May 1968 Clarion-Ledger Article Concerning Sam Bowers (Untitled Document)
1968 Unknown At Hattiesburg: Places Bowers in Dahmer Case
1968 Unknown Jury Indicts 16 in Dahmer Case
1968 Unknown Jury Finds Buckley Guilty of Kidnap: May Get 10 Years
1968 Unknown Court Sets Bond for 4 Jailed in Dahmer Case
1968 Charles Marsh Notes on a May 1968 Clarion-Ledger Article Concerning Sam Bowers (Untitled Document)
1968 Unknown Overrules Motion: Begin Selection of Bowers Jury
1968 Eliott Chaze State Rests on DeBoxtel
1968 Unknown Pitts Relates 'Plot' of Klan
1968 Unknown Jury Jails Bowers
1968 Charles Marsh Notes on a January 1968 Clarion Ledger Article Concerning Sam Bowers (Untitled Document)
1968 Unknown Witness Relates DeBoxtel's Role: Rogers Tells of Activity
1968 Unknown Jail Buckley For Contempt
1968 Unknown Jury Deadlocks: Enter Mistrial in Lyons' Case
1968 Unknown 16 Plead Not Guilty
1968 Unknown DeBoxtel Jury is Incomplete
1968 Unknown Bowers, 9 Others Remain In Jail
1968 Unknown Bowers, 'Knights' Targets of Suits
1968 Unknown Tuesday, May 14, Trial For Bowers' Arson Case
1968 Unknown Pitts Testifies in Dahmer Case: He's Last for State
1968 Unknown 'Break' Brings 12 Indictments
1968 Unknown Pitts Testifies Against Wilson
1968 Kenneth Fairly Explosives Found in Bombing Probe: Klan Chief Bowers Among 10 Indicted
1968 Unknown Will Appeal: Buckley Gets 10-Year Term
1968 Eliott Chaze Selection of Sessum Jury Near Complete: Death Chair to be Sought?
1968 Unknown Forrest County Jury Jails Bowers, Plus 10: File Murder, Arson Counts
1968 Unknown Work on Jury in Smith Trial
1968 Unknown Court Awaits Buckley Report
1968 Eliott Chaze Alleged Kleagle Goes On Trial: First Case for 12 Men
1968 Unknown Jury Frees Sam Bowers
1968 Unknown Bowers, 9 Others Plead Not Guilty
1968 Unknown Close Guard Over Pitts
1968 Unknown "Not Guilty" Bowers Plea At Collins
1968 Unknown Lone Juror Gets Bowers Mistrial
1968 Unknown Charge Bowers in '67 Bombing
1968 Eliott Chaze State's Ace Card is Billy R. Pitts: His Warrant Kept Secret
1966 Arlie Schardt A Mississippi Mayor Fights the Klan
Unknown List of White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan of Mississippi
Unknown Notes on MFDP, Sam Bowers and Fannie Lou Hamer (Untitled Document)
Charles Marsh Dahmer Murder and the Response of the Church, Field Notes

Will D. Campbell

Rev. Will D. Campbell

Rev. Will Campbell worked with the National Council of Churches in the late 1950s, was a radical Baptist during the Civil Rights Movement, and the author of such books as Brother to a Dragonfly, which was a finalist for the National Book Award in 1978.

Quotes from interviews with this actor are listed below. To see excerpts from interview transcripts, click on the associated Excerpts link below each quote.

"I believe God was in Christ, not will be, perhaps, maybe if we're good boys and girls, it's over, it's done, we are one people, race is a violation, nations are a violation…"
"For the most part, people in the pew, they simply would not tolerate anything that’s that out of tune with the local culture. And they would say, “The hell with Mr. Jesus”!"

Find below primary and secondary resources located in the Project on Lived Theology's Civil Rights Archive associated with this Actor. Click on a title to see the full record.

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1993 Charles Marsh Will D. Campbell, Interview Notes 8/1993
1989 Unknown Will D. Campbell
1990 Patrick H. Samway Will Campbell: Fabled Preacher
1993
Charles Marsh
Will Campbell
Will Campbell Interview, 7/6/1993
2000 Jennifer Ford Will Campbell and Christ's Ambassadors: Selections from the Katallagete/James Y. Halloway Collection, Special Collections, University of Mississippi
1962 Will D. Campbell We Are a Third Race
1989 Charles H. Lippy Twentieth-Century Shapers of American Popular Religion
1974 Will D. Campbell The World of the Redneck
1962 Roger L. Shinn The Student Interracial Ministry: A Venture of Faith
1965 Unknown The New South Student November 1965 Issue
Will D. Campbell
James Y. Halloway
The Good News From God In Jesus Is Freedom To The Prisoners
1990 Lawrence Wright The First Church of Rednecks, White Socks, and Blue Ribbon Beer
1963 Will D. Campbell Southern Ministers are Rebelling -at Long Last
1976 Unknown Southern Exposure Volume IV, Number 3
1962 Will D. Campbell Race and the Renewal of the Church
1993 Perry H. Biddle Jr. Providence
1963 Unknown Notes on the Church Visits Campaign of Protest(Untitled Document)
1962 Unknown Memorandum from the Student Interracial Ministry Committee to Friends of the Student Interracial Ministry
1984 Kenneth L. Gibble Living Out The Drama: An Interview With Will Campbell
1963 Unknown Letter from the Student Interracial Ministry Committee to Churches and Pastors Interested in the Student Interracial Ministry
2012 Paul Gaston Government by Demonstration: Righting Virginia's Wrongs
1970 John Egerton Fannie Lou Hamer
1983 Lloyd Billingsley Enigma of Faith in the Old South
1997 Will Campbell Elvis Presley as Redneck
1995 Will D. Campbell Delete 'Fundamentalist'
1965 Will Campbell Committee to Investigate the Los Angeles Riot (Untitled Article)
1980
Will Campbell
Bob Hall
Wekesa Madzimoyo
Chris Mayfield
Marc Miller
Joe Pfister
Kathleen Zobel
Jim Overton
Pat Bryan
Clean Up the Botulism
1983 Murray L. Wagner Cecelia's Sin
1983
Fredrick Mills
Thomas Connelly
Book Review: William Campbell and the Soul of the South
1996
Bill Leonard
Will D. Campbell
Book Review: The Stem of Jesse: The Costs of Community at a 1960s Southern School
1982
John McEntyre
Will D. Campbell
Book Review: The Glad River
1989
Andrew Pratt
Will D. Campbell
Book Review: The Convention: A Parable
1987
Will D. Campbell
Myron A. Marty
Book Review: 40 Acres and a Goat: A Memoir
1987
Frye Gaillard
Will D. Campbell
Book Review: 40 Acres and a Goat
1997
Charles Marsh
Bob Zellner
Bob Zellner Interview, New York City, NY, 10/29/97
1964 Jim Newton Baptists Challenged To Improve Race Scene
1976
Will D. Campbell
Orley B. Caudill
An Oral History With Will D. Campbell
1976
Jim Sessions
Sue Thrasher
John Lewis
A New Day Begun
1970 John Egerton A Mind to Stay Here: Profiles from the South
1970 John Egerton "Will Campbell," from A Mind to Stay Here
1970 John Egerton "John Lewis," from A Mind to Stay Here
1993 Timothy George "'Cause I Was Called, You Fool!"