Glenn Smiley

Glenn Smiley

Glenn Smiley, a white minister from Texas, developed an interest in Mahatma Gandhi’s discipline of non-violence during the 1940s, and used this strategy trying to integrate tea rooms in Los Angeles department stores. Smiley was later incarcerated for his refusal to either participate in World War II or take the clergy exception.

Quotes from interviews with this actor are listed below. To see excerpts from interview transcripts, click on the associated Excerpts link below each quote.

"[Maintain] a calm and loving dignity [and do not] deliberately sit by a white person, unless there is no seat."

Find below primary and secondary resources located in the Project on Lived Theology's Civil Rights Archive associated with this Actor. Click on a title to see the full record.

Douglas Hudgins

Rev. Douglas Hudgins

Rev. Douglas Hudgins was born on May 4, 1905, in Estill Springs, Tennessee. A white Southern Baptist preacher, he presided over the congregation of First Baptist Church in Jackson, Mississippi from 1946 until his retirement from the ministry in 1969. 

Find below primary and secondary resources located in the Project on Lived Theology's Civil Rights Archive associated with this Actor. Click on a title to see the full record.