Ed King

Rev. Ed King

In January of 1963, Rev. Edwin "Ed" King returned to his home state of Mississippi, where he was born in 1936, and became the chaplain at Tougaloo College during the height of the Civil Rights Movement. In October he was selected by Bob Moses as the Freedom Vote candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi, the white running mate of the African American, Delta pharmacist Aaron Henry. In 1964, King and his wife Jeannette served as local organizers of the Summer Project and the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP). Though neither joined the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), they were involved with the voter registration initiative, the formation of freedom schools, and the MFDP challenge. Ed King began a campaign to agitate and desegregate white conservative and moderate churches, which (as he saw it) set the stage for the necessity of Freedom Summer. He said, "If white moderates, stirred by a Christian conscience… began to support any kind of change in racial patterns in Jackson… then the door was open, not just the church door, but the door to the possibilities of moderate, gradual change in all Mississippi."

Quotes from interviews with this actor are listed below. To see excerpts from interview transcripts, click on the associated Excerpts link below each quote.

"[Medgar Evers] said, 'you have to come back and there is a vacancy right here, the chaplain left... You have to come back because we need you, because this is your calling.'"
"...so we systematically organized church visits... that idea was never to crash your way into a white church, but that maybe when people saw the contradiction of turning blacks away from a church, they would have to wrestle with their conscience."
"They were beginning to burn churches. They were beginning to move beyond crosses… They burned churches because they understood that the Christian faith was what inspired the movement and kept it going."
"There was no miracle that night…"
"...they turned to cynicism and despair and turned to militancy... None of us realized how strong the evil was that we fought, and how much a part of American power it was, and so were not able to grapple [with] it..."

Find below primary and secondary resources located in the Project on Lived Theology's Civil Rights Archive associated with this Actor. Click on a title to see the full record.

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Ed King Woolworth's Lunch Counter Sit-In
Ed King Winter, Spring 1964 Life in Mississippi XIX "The Canton Road"
1963 Unknown White Minister Held in Jackson
1960 Unknown White Minister and Negro Companion Fined $200 Each
Ed King White Church, Ole Miss Riots, Religion and Patriotism (Untitled Document)
Ed King White Church -- Beauty for Ashes
Ed King White Church -- "Beauty of Ashes"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section VI, "Church and Fear"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section V, "The Missionaries"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section IV, "Second Thoughts"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section III-B, "Ole Miss Riots"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section III-A, "Ole Miss Riots, 1962"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section II-B, "Why Methodists"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section II-A, "Other Attacks on Moderates"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section I, "Introduction I"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) VII: "Spring, Summer '63"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) II: "Born of Conviction"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One): Footnotes
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) XIV: "Nazis in Church"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) XIII: Second-Arrests-Movement Response
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XX, "Footnotes"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XVIII, "Epistles"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XVII, "Church Jokes" (Untitled Document)
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XVI-C, "Mississippi Church Reaction to Conference"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XVI-B, "Church Conference Details"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XVI-A, "Methodist General Conference"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIX, "Conclusion -- Neshoba"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIV-B, "Easter Arrests" (Untitled Document)
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIV-A2, "Church Visits Continue, Winter to Easter"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIV-A1, "Church Visits, Winter to Easter"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIII, "Divided Churches"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XII, "Ministers' Projects"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XI-B, "Delta Ministry" (Untitled Document)
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XI-A, "Second Church Arrests"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section X, "1963 Christmas and Advocate"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section VIII, "Methodist Advocate -- Open Church"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section VII, "Bishop Franklin", Council of Bishops Meeting
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section V-B, "Comments from White Church" (Untitled Document)
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section V, "Pattern of Church Visits"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section IX-B, "Advent Letter"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section IX-A, "Letter from Christian Friend"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section IV, "Closed Church and House Church", Continued Visits
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section II, "Church in Prison"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section II, "Church in Prison"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section I, "Introduction", The Winter of the Closed Society
1960 Unknown Walkout Plan Hit: Appeal
1960 Unknown Walkout Plan Hit
1995
Charles Marsh
Victoria Gray Adams
Victoria Gray Adams Interview, 4/6/1995
2003
Charles Marsh
Victoria Gray Adams, Bob Moses
Victoria Gray Adams and Bob Moses, Conference on Lived Theology
Ed King Vicksburg: Family Funeral
Ed King Traffic Accident & Hospital Stay (Untitled Document)
1994 Jerry Mitchell Tougaloo Ex-Chaplain Expects to Testify at Beckwith's 3rd Trial
1963 Unknown Three Tougaloo College Students Arrested Trying to Attend Church, Spark Crusade to Open Churches (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown They Went to Church--So 2 Chicago Co-eds Get Year in Dixie Jail
1963 Unknown They Sparked a Crusade
1963 Nonviolent Agitation Association of College Pupils The Voice of the Movement November 1963 Issue
1963 Unknown The Student Voice November 1963 Issue
Ed King The Silent Fifties: McCarthyism and Racism; White Resistance; Black Resistance
1960 Haywood Paravicini The Rev. R. Edwin King Jr., Dressed in the Uniform of a City Prisoner
1964 Unknown The New Republic September 1964 Issue
Ed King The Minister & the Church & the Struggle to Come (Untitled Document)
1957 Ed King The Importance of Apostolic Succession in the Methodist Church (Untitled Article)
1965 Howard Spencer The Church in Mississippi -- the last stronghold of white supremacy
1963 Unknown The Christian Century November 1963 Special Report Issue
Ed King Testimony from Mt. Zion
1963
Robert E. Willoughby
John Marvin
Tells How Pastors Were Arrested in Jackson, Miss.
1963 Wilbur Whanger Telegram from Wilbur Whanger to Ed King
1963 Ed King Telegram from Central Methodist Church of Detroit to Reverend James Nixon
1964 Ed King Summer Plan 1964
1963
Ed King
Bette Poole
Julie Zaugg
Ida Catherine Hannah
Summary Report on Arrests at Methodist Church in Jackson, Miss.
1960 Unknown Student and Negro Jailed in Alabama
1960 Unknown Student and Negro Jailed in Alabama
1960 Unknown Student and Negro Jailed in Alabama
1965 Ellen Key Blunt Still to Overcome: She Found No Freedom
1996 Unknown Sovereignty Files: Panel Should Open Old Spy Papers
1996 Unknown Sovereignty Files
1994 Unknown Sovereignty Commission Files
1971 Ed King SNCC and Dr. Lohia
Ed King Sixties and Sit-ins
Ed King Section from Manuscript on Mississippi Movement
Ed King Rifle Squads in the Beloved Community
1964 Richard Tholin Richard Tholin to Ed King
Ed King Returning Home
1960 Ed King Request for Extension of Deadlines Due to Trial: From Ed King to Boston University School of Theology (Untitled Document)
1963
Julia Jacobs
Foster Stockwell
Report of ICM Activities (II)- Selected From the Minutes of Membership and Steering Committee Meetings
1963 Sheldon Trapp Reminiscences Written Upon Return from Jackson, Mississippi (Untitled Article)
Ed King Reality of Change (Untitled Document)
Ed King Project Description: The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
1963 Unknown Persecution in Mississippi Spreading, Minister Warns
Ed King Part IV: "Winter Spring 1963"
Ed King Part IV Winter-Spring 1963 "Vicksburg"
1960 Judith Rushin Pair Found Guilty in Integration Try: Fines, Terms Handed Down; Appeal Lost
1964 Jane Stembridge Our Lives are Hectic
1995 Beverly Pettigrew Kraft Only One Left Fighting Release of Spy Records
1967 Unknown Notice Regarding the Freedom College (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Notes from a COFO Meeting (Untitled Document)
1955 Ed King Note from Ed King to C.B. Lawyer
1963 Unknown News of the World: Minister Arrested in Prayer Demonstration
Ed King New Governor and New Words; SNCC Style and Old Religion
1963 W. C. Shoemaker Negroes Make Little Headway With Campaign
1996 Unknown Native Mississippian to William H. Barbour
1964 Ralph Scharnau Mrs. Ralph Scharnau to Ed King
1961 Unknown Mixed Dining Ruling Set Aside
Ed King Mississippi: The White Church and Social Crisis
1996 Fred Hiatt Mississippi's Secret
1995 Danny McKenzie Mississippi Should Bare its Soul with Civil Rights Museum
Ed King Mississippi Life "Church"
1964 Unknown Mississippi Lambasted by Tougaloo Chaplain
1963 Mississippi Freedom Vote Campaign Mississippi Freedom Election: Henry and King Receive Over 80,000 Votes, Majority of Mississippi Voters Don't Want Johnson
1996 Unknown Mississippi Bias Panel Spied on 87,000 People, Court Told
1955 Ed King Minutes from the Intercollegiate Fellowship Meeting, November 1955
1960 John J. McDavitt, Jr. Minister Chops Wood, Cuts Grass for City
Ed King Midnight in the Delta - Terror
1963 Jerry DeLaughter Methodists Sever King Connections
1960 Unknown Local Cleric Amazed at Arrest in Alabama Integration Controversy
1963 Eli Hochstedler Letters to the Editor: GC Transfer Joins Civil Rights Move
1963 William R. Richerson Letter from William R. Richerson to Ed King (06/02/1963)
1963 Walter G. Muelder Letter from Walter G. Muelder to Ed King (07/10/1963)
1963 W.E. Lampton Letter from W.E. Lampton to Ed King (06/01/1963)
1964 Theresa Del Pozzo Letter from Theresa Del Pozzo to John Lewis
1956 T. Ray Lawrence Letter from T. Ray Lawrence to Ed King (12/07/1956)
1956 T. Ray Lawrence Letter from T. Ray Lawrence to Ed King (10/10/1956)
1957 T. Ray Lawrence Letter from T. Ray Lawrence to Ed King (02/05/1957)
1963 Ruth O. Moore Letter From Several Prisoners in Jail to Ed King
1968 Richard P. Unsworth Letter from Richard Unsworth to Mr. Mendenhall (02/22/1968)
1967 Richard P. Unsworth Letter from Richard P. Unsworth to Ed King (05/12/1967)
1967 Richard P. Unsworth Letter from Richard P. Unsworth to Ed King (04/19/1967)
1968 Richard P. Unsworth Letter from Richard P. Unsworth to Ed King (02/26/1968)
1961 Ralph D. Abernathy Letter from Ralph D. Abernathy to Ed King (05/09/1961)
1963 R.C. Griffith Letter from R.C. Griffith to Friend (06/03/1963)
1956 C.B. Lawyer Letter from Neil to Ed King (02/05/1956)
1963 Kenneth I. Brown Letter from Kenneth I. Brown to Ed King (06/15/1963)
1966 Joyce C. Ladner Letter from Joyce to Trump
1963 John J. Shaffer Letter from John J. Shaffer to Ed King (12/16/1963)
1963 Jeannine Herron Letter from Jeannine Herron to Jeannette and Ed King (Summer 1963)
1963 Jean Fairfax Letter from Jean Fairfax to Ed King (06/21/1963)
1963 James Silver Letter from James Silver to Ed King (06/01/1963)
1957 J.W. Letter from J.W. to Ed King (12/18/1957)
1957 J.W. Letter from J.W. to Ed King (10/10/1957)
1957 J.W. Letter from J.W. to Ed King (04/02/1957)
1958 J.W. Letter from J.W. to Ed King (03/05/1958)
1958 J.W. Letter from J.W. to Ed King (02/14/1958)
1963 J.B. Cain Letter from J.B. Cain to Ed King (07/26/1963)
1963 Grace Bowman Letter from Grace Bowman to Ed King and John Salter
1957 Gloria E. Brown Letter from Gloria E. Brown to Ed King (03/06/1957)
1964 Gerald E. Forshey Letter from Gerald E. Forshey to Joan (05/15/1963)
1963 George Maddox Letter from George Maddox to Ed King (06/03/1963)
1960 Fred D. Gray Letter from Fred D. Gray to Ed King (05/31/1960)
1961 Fred D. Gray Letter from Fred D. Gray to Ed King (04/22/1961)
1963 Frank E. Dement Letter from Frank E. Dement, Jr. to Ed King (10/07/1963)
1960 Ed King Letter from Ed King to Ray Jenkins (05/30/1960)
1961 Ed King Letter from Ed King to Elroy Embry (04/28/1961)
1967 Donald L. Robinson Letter from Donald L. Robinson to Ed King (05/04/1967)
1963 David F. Lehmberg Letter from David F. Lehmberg to Ed King (11/06/1963)
1956 Charles Holmes Letter from Charles Holmes to Ed King (03/09/1956)
1955 C.B. Lawyer Letter from C.B. Lawyer to Ed King (11/07/1955)
1956 C.B. Lawyer Letter from C.B. Lawyer to Ed King (03/05/1965)
1963 Brewster Kneen Letter from Brewster Kneen to Ed King (06/10/1963)
1963 Brewster Kneen Letter from Brewster Kneen to Ed King (04/02/1963)
1963 Brewster Kneen Letter from Brewster Kneen to Ed King (04/01/1963)
1963 Bill Livant Letter from Bill Livant to Ed King (12/21/1963)
1963 Bill Heidenry Letter from Bill Heidenry to Ed King (05/31/1963)
1963 Anne Braden Letter from Anne Braden to Ed King (11/23/1963)
1963 Jeannette King King Family Christmas Letter(Untitled Document)
1957
Ed King
Nina Cunningham
Nelle Coulter
Sue Cater
Marvin Pyron
Marilyn Herring
Jon Belton Walters
Jeannie Wesley
Kansas Kuotes December 1957 Issue
1996 Beverly Pettigrew Kraft Judges Question Why Sovereignty Files Remain Closed
1964 Ed McCusker Judge Chides Nine in Church Mix Try
1994 John R. Salter, Jr. John R. Salter, Jr. to Mary Bowers, Ed King, Shirley Payne and Dixon Pyles
1994 John R. Salter, Jr. John R. Salter, Jr. to Charles R. Fulbruge III
1993 Charles Marsh John Lewis Interview Questions and Background
1968
Unknown
John Lewis
John Lewis Interview Concerning the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Ed King Jackson Movement: May - June 1964 (Untitled Document)
1964 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963: Part XIV-A Church Visits
1964 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963: Part XI-C Methodist Church
1996 Joe Atkins It's as if Being Democratic and Christian is Contradictory
1993
Charles Marsh
Ed King
Interview with Ed King
1960 Unknown Integrated Lunching in Montgomery: Trials (Untitled Document)
1960 Unknown Integrated Diners Appeal; Release Scheduled Today
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
In Context: Editorial Comments on the Current Scene
Ed King Herrons & Beloved Community
1960 Unknown Heavy Fines Levied on Mixed Eaters
1960 Unknown Heavy Fines Levied On Mixed Eaters
1986
Ed King
Dorothy Abbott
Growing Up in Mississippi in a Time of Change
Ed King Genocide
1963 Unknown Funeral March Finishes in White-Led Agitation: Minority of Mourners at Evers Rites Jailed (Agitation)
1995 Unknown From the Order by Judge Barbour That is on Appeal (Untitled Document)
1996 Unknown From Brief of Privacy Plaintiffs, U. S. Court of Appeals, No. 94-60425, ACLU, M. vs. Miss. vs. Edwin King
1963 Ed King Final Conversation with Medgar Evers
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
Fellowship: Magazine of the Fellowship of Reconciliation July 1960 Issue
1963 Ed King Excerpts from Manuscript on Jackson Movement
1964
Ed King
David Dennis
Eulogies for James Chaney - August 7, 1964
1994 Ed King Ed King: Notes--11/14/94: Separate But Equal Elections
1962 Ed King Ed King: Background Manuscript Material for CR Movement
1994 Charles Marsh Ed King, Interview Notes 11/3/1994, 12/5/1994
1993 Ed King Ed King to Selection Committee for Civil Rights Fellowship
1994 Ed King Ed King to Charles Marsh
1996 Ed King Ed King to Charles Marsh
Ed King Ed King Reflects on His Return to Mississippi
Charles Marsh Ed King Notes (Untitled Document)
Ed King Ed King Notes (Untitled Document)
Ed King Ed King Notes
1994
Charles Marsh
Ed King
Ed King Interview, Philadelphia, MS, 8/24/1994
Ed King Ed King Curriculum Vitae
1963 Pharis J. Harvey Ecumenical Volunteer Service Project Leaders' Report
1960 Unknown Dixie Jails B.U. Student
1963 Gerald Forshey Divided Flocks in Jackson
1963 Unknown Diary Entry by Student on the Church Visits Campaign of Protest (Untitled Document)
1963 Ed King Death of Medgar Evers
Ed King Curriculum Vitae: Edwin King: Civil Rights Work in 1960s, Summary
1996 Jerry Mitchell Court Orders Spy Agency Files Opened
1964 Unknown Council of Federated Organizations Records: Appendix 3: Series Identification and Description
1964 Murray Kempton Conscience of a Convention
Charles M. Sherrod Concerning the Difficulties Faced by the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (Untitled Article)
1963 Ed King COFO Office
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Church Integration Effort in Mississippi: Pro and Con
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Church Integration Effort in Mississippi: Pro and Con
1963 Ed King Church - Fed Court Notes
1963 Ed King Children's Crusades and Concentration Camps
1963 Unknown Busy Fall
1960 Unknown BU Student Gets 3 Months in Racial Case
1963 Ed King Birmingham Funerals
1967 Unknown Biographical Sketch of Jeannette King
1963 Charles Portis Battle Flares, Nipped After Miss. Funeral
1960 Unknown B.U. Theology Student Rearrested in Race Test
1960 Unknown B.U. Student Gets Retrial
1972
Dr. Neil McMillen
Fannie Lou Hamer
An Oral History with Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer
1964 Christopher S. Wren An "Insider" Stays to Fight
1996 Unknown American Civ. Liber. Union of Miss., Inc. vs. King
1963
Ed King
Jack H. Young
Carsie A Hall
Agreement of Retainer
1963 Unknown Affidavit of Rev. Ralph Edwin King
1992 Ed King A Prophet from the Delta
1960 Ray Jenkins A Futile Prosecution
1960 Unknown A Brief Look at the Top News
1960 Dick Hines 20 Post Appeal Bonds in Disorderly Conduct
1963 Unknown 2 White Men Lead Crowd
1963 Unknown 2 Area Co-Eds Freed on Bail in Mississippi
1963 Julie Zaugg "Minutes" Tougaloo Movement, Fall 1963
1963 Ed King "Goals: Confrontation Strategies."
1966 Howard Spencer "Church '65 - '70" - Letter from Howard Spencer