A native of Montgomery, Alabama born in 1932, Fred Gray is an attorney who spent his career in the service of civil rights. He represented Rosa Parks after she refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery city bus, and became Martin Luther King Jr.’s first civil rights lawyer. His notable cases include Williams v. Wallace and Pollard v. United States of America. The first was a 1965 class action suit brought by African Americans against Governor Wallace and the State of Alabama, which resulted in the court ordering Governor Wallace and the State of Alabama to protect marchers as they walked from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama. The second case dealt with the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, in which rural, black males were neither informed of their participation in the study nor treated for syphilis by the government.
Gray is a senior partner at the law firm of Gray, Langford, Sapp, McGowan, Gray & Nathanson. He was President of the Alabama State Bar Association from 2002-2003, the first African American to hold that position.
Quotes from interviews with this actor are listed below. To see excerpts from interview transcripts, click on the associated Excerpts link below each quote.
Find below primary and secondary resources located in the Project on Lived Theology's Civil Rights Archive associated with this Actor. Click on a title to see the full record.
|Ed King||Sixties and Sit-ins|
|1960||Dick Hines||20 Post Appeal Bonds in Disorderly Conduct|
|1960||Fred D. Gray||Letter from Fred D. Gray to Ed King (05/31/1960)|
|1960||Judith Rushin||Pair Found Guilty in Integration Try: Fines, Terms Handed Down; Appeal Lost|
|1961||Ed King||Letter from Ed King to Elroy Embry (04/28/1961)|
|1970||John Egerton||"John Lewis," from A Mind to Stay Here|
|A New Day Begun|
|1976||Unknown||Southern Exposure Volume IV, Number 3|
|Fred Gray Interview|
|Johnnie Carr Interview|