Glenn Smiley

Glenn Smiley

Glenn Smiley, a white minister from Texas, developed an interest in Mahatma Gandhi’s discipline of non-violence during the 1940s, and used this strategy trying to integrate tea rooms in Los Angeles department stores. Smiley was later incarcerated for his refusal to either participate in World War II or take the clergy exception. In the 1950s, Smiley became involved with the Quaker Fellowship of Reconciliation when Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. sought the organization’s support. Smiley taught Gandhi’s techniques to Dr. King and convinced King and his colleagues that nonviolence was the best approach to achieve integration and equality.

Quotes from interviews with this actor are listed below. To see excerpts from interview transcripts, click on the associated Excerpts link below each quote.

"[Maintain] a calm and loving dignity [and do not] deliberately sit by a white person, unless there is no seat."

Find below primary and secondary resources located in the Project on Lived Theology's Civil Rights Archive associated with this Actor. Click on a title to see the full record.