Martin Luther King

Rev. Martin Luther King

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia in 1929 into a middle class African American family. He completed his doctoral studies at Boston University and accepted a position in Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama in 1954.

Countrary to popular belief, King's entrance into the Civil Rights Movement was unintentional. While leading the Montgomery Boycott in Alabama, King received a threatening phone call, which led to "his kitchen table epiphany" of resolve and commitment to the movement. King took up the mantle of being a spokesperson and activist for the Civil Rights Movement. Within a month, King's home was bombed. Instead of retaliation, he urged love for enemies. Eventually, he expanded his stance on nonviolence by incorporating into his proclamation and practice the nonviolent civil disobedience teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. King did not so much strike a balance between prophetic religion and the American dream as he imagined democratic possibilities from the perspective of Biblical hope. In King's hands, the idea of beloved community was invigorated with theological vitality and moral urgency, so that the prospects of social progress came to look less like an evolutionary development and more like a divine gift.

King went on to help found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. King is well known for his 1964 speech, "I Have A Dream" that he gave on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial during the 1963 March on Washington. He received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other nonviolent means. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and Congressional Gold Medal in 2004.  Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. national holiday in 1986.

Quotes from interviews with this actor are listed below. To see excerpts from interview transcripts, click on the associated Excerpts link below each quote.

"I experienced the presence of the Divine as I had never experienced Him before... Almost at once my fears began to go... My uncertainty disappeared. I was ready to face anything."

Find below primary and secondary resources located in the Project on Lived Theology's Civil Rights Archive associated with this Actor. Click on a title to see the full record.

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1970 John Egerton "John Lewis," from A Mind to Stay Here
1993 David Zurawik "March to Freedom": An Outstanding Hour For Local Television
1968 Unknown "Rights" Forces Push Boycott
1997 Paul Gaston "Sitting In" in the 'Sixties: A Historian's Memoir
1963 Unknown 24-Hour Watch Posted at Steel City Churches: Seeking to Minimize Dangers of Bombing
1963 Claude Sitton 27 Are Arrested in Jackson Riots After Evers Rite
1963 Phillip M. Dripps A Critique and a Proposal
1971 Richard Aubrey McLemore A History of Mississippi Baptists, 1780-1970
Jim Sessions
Sue Thrasher
John Lewis
A New Day Begun
1992 Ed King A Prophet from the Delta
Dr. Neil McMillen
Fannie Lou Hamer
An Oral History with Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer
1968 Unknown At Marks: Organizers Seeking Recruits for 'March'
2000 Staff and Press Reports Athens Native Dies
1963 Charles Portis Battle Flares, Nipped After Miss. Funeral
1960 Lillian Smith Behind the Sit-Ins
1968 Unknown Best Known CR Leader: Vows Marches Will Continue
1963 Ed King Birmingham Funerals
2000 Unknown Birmingham Post-Herald May 2000 Issue: Metro Section
1966 James M. Lawson, Jr. Black Power and the Mississippi March
1966 Unknown Black Power for Whom?
1968 Unknown Bowers, 'Knights' Targets of Suits
1968 Unknown Bowers, 9 Others Plead Not Guilty
1956 Unknown Buses Uncaught
Drew Pearson
Jack Anderson
Carmichael Talked With Havana During Race Riots
1972 James Forman Chapter 43: The March on Washington
Richard Aubrey McLemore
C.B. Hamlet, III
Chapter Eleven: Mid-Twentieth Century
1984 Paula Giddings Chapter XVI: SNCC: Coming Full Circle
1963 Ed King Children's Crusades and Concentration Camps
1991 Sharon Bramlett-Solomon Civil Rights Vanguard in the Deep South: Newspaper Portrayal of Fannie Lou Hamer, 1964-1977
1968 Unknown Clark Hopes Arrest Near
1968 Unknown Clear Way for Return of Ray (Incomplete Document)
Charles Marsh
Cleveland Sellers
Cleveland Sellers Interview, Denmark, South Carolina, 7/29/1995
1963 Phillip M. Dripps Clone of A Critique and a Proposal
Charles M. Sherrod Concerning the Difficulties Faced by the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (Untitled Article)
1965 Unknown Delta Ministry's Main Function is Civil Rights: Staff Members Have Leftist Backgrounds
1965 Nicholas Von Hoffman Delta Ministry's Role Loses Friend
Jimmie Briggs
Bob Moses
Doug Mindell
Dialogue with Bob Moses: Architect of the 1964 Freedom Summer
Jerry Mitchell
Beverly Pettigrew Kraft
Do Klansman's Memoirs Tell 'Truth' on Killings?: Sam Bower's Manuscript Supposedly Tells Who Really Killed King and Evers
1966 David J. Juroe Dr. King
Charles Marsh
Ed King
Ed King Interview, Philadelphia, MS, 8/24/1994
1996 Ed King Ed King to Charles Marsh
1997 Will Campbell Elvis Presley as Redneck
1994 Unknown Emerge June 1994 Issue
1983 Lloyd Billingsley Enigma of Faith in the Old South
1963 Ed King Excerpts from Manuscript on Jackson Movement
1970 John Egerton Fannie Lou Hamer
1977 Unknown Fannie Lou Hamer
1978 Unknown Fannie Lou Hamer Remembered in Special Memorial Service
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
Fellowship: Magazine of the Fellowship of Reconciliation July 1960 Issue
1963 Ed King Final Conversation with Medgar Evers
Peter Slade
Foy Valentine
Foy Valentine, Telephone Interview; 10/10/01
Charles Marsh
Fred Gray
Fred Gray Interview
Fred A. Alexander
John F. Alexander
Freedom Now, Vol. 2, No. 1, February 1966
1963 Unknown Funeral March Finishes in White-Led Agitation: Minority of Mourners at Evers Rites Jailed (Funeral)
1982 Edwin King Go Tell it on the Mountain: A Prophet from the Delta
2012 Paul Gaston Government by Demonstration: Righting Virginia's Wrongs
1994 Beverly Pettigrew Kraft Harmony Christens Rebuilt Church
1988 Nicolaus Mills Heard and Unheard Speeches: What Really Happened at the March on Washington?
1968 Unknown Hint Arrest Near in King Slaying
1968 Unknown House Passes CR Measure
1966 John Alexander Is Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. A Communist?
1966 Fred Alexander Is Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. A Fundamentalist?
1994 Unknown Jackson Clarion-Ledger May 16, 1994 Issue
1964 Ed King Jackson Mississippi, May 1963- "Woolworth's Lunch Counter Sit In"-Working Draft
1963 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963-"Children's Crusades and Concentration Camps"
1963 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963-Woolworth's Part VIII
1964 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963: Part XI-C Methodist Church
1968 Unknown JBW Urges "Restraint"
Charles Marsh
John Lewis
John Lewis Interview
John Lewis
John Lewis Interview Concerning the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
1993 Charles Marsh John Lewis Interview Questions and Background
Charles Marsh
Johnnie Carr
Johnnie Carr Interview
1976 Julie Bernstein Julie Bernstein to Fannie Lou Hamer
1993 Jack Bass Justice Finally Comes in the Orangeburg Massacre
1965 Unknown King and Reuther Backed Mt. Beulah In Original Move to Obtain Fed Funds
1968 Unknown King Funeral Draws 50,000
1968 J.W.West King's Killer Hides; Who's Helping Him?
1998 Unknown Laurel Leader-Call 1968 Article Call Sheet
1998 Unknown Laurel Leader-Call 1968 Article Call Sheet: April-July
1968 Unknown LBJ Asks Nation to Deny Violence: Says Law to Prevail
1968 Unknown LBJ Keeping Weary Vigil
1958 J.W. Letter from J.W. to Ed King (03/05/1958)
1960 Marion S. Barry, Jr. Letter from Marion S. Barry, Jr. to Martin Luther King, Jr. (10/28/1960)
1972 James Forman Lucretia Collins: "The Spirit of Nashville"
1968 Unknown Martin Luther King Plugs Washington Trek in Laurel
1968 Unknown Massive Search on for Rifleman
1968 Unknown Mayor Allen Tells Widow
1968 Drew Pearson Mississippi Has Great Racial Changes Since '64
1964 Christopher Jencks Mississippi: From Conversion to Coercion
1968 Unknown Mourners View Body of King
1964 Ralph Scharnau Mrs. Ralph Scharnau to Ed King
1996 Unknown Native Mississippian to William H. Barbour
1963 Unknown Negro Leaders Pause to Reconsider
1968 Unknown No Report on Manhunt
1997 Jerry Mitchell Notes Threaten to Shed Light on Activists' Deaths: Friend of Sam Bowers Claims Book Names "Real" Killers of Civil Rights Leaders
1966 Jack Nelson Ousted Chairman Tells of New Setup in SNCC
1960 A. J. Muste Pacifism Enters a New Phase
Myrtle Lane
Marjory Collins
Peace Concern: Report From the South
1968 Unknown Police, Guards Remain Alert
1972 James Forman Power for Black People
1992 Albert J. Raboteau Praying the ABCs: Reflections on Faith in History
1982 Frye Gaillard Preacher to the Damned
1995 Ed King Present Opening Chapter On Neshoba-Freedom Summer Book Manuscript
Ed King Project Description: The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
1963 Jimmy Ward Quotes Taken From the Editor's Column of the Jackson Daily News
1968 Unknown Racial Strife Ravages Cities
1968 Unknown Racial Violence Racks Nation: Washington Under Guard
1968 Unknown Rampaging Mobs Burn, Loot, Kill
1993 Unknown Rep. Lewis Wants Army to Explain Spying on Blacks
Ed King Rifle Squads in the Beloved Community
1968 Unknown Riot Toll Mounting
1994 Jerry Mitchell Rocky Point Church Congregation Split Over Suing Arsonists, Insurance
Unknown Says Wallace wants to work in Virginia with students (SNCC Transcript) (Untitled Document)
1963 Claude Sitton Scores Arrested in Jackson March
1968 Unknown Seek Killer in Mexico
1968 Unknown Senators Flay King's March
1964 Unknown SIM Intern Reports at Mid-Year
1966 Unknown SNCC: Notes and Comments April 1966 Issue
1976 Unknown Southern Exposure Volume IV, Number 3
Charles Marsh
Spencer Perkins
Spencer Perkins Interview
1990 Spencer Perkins Spencer Perkins's Unpublished Autobiography Chapter: "Freedom of Choice"
1982 Danny Collum Stepping Out Into Freedom: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer
Student Interracial Ministry
Philip D. Brown
Douglas Renick
Samuel Varner
Ralph Luker
William G. Myers
James Forbes
Bonnie Cox
Harold W. Smith
Max Case
Roger Olemacher
Hank Elkins
Kent Organ
Klaus Schmidt
J. Grant Swank
Student Interracial Ministry: Mid-Summer Report
Ed King
Bette Poole
Julie Zaugg
Ida Catherine Hannah
Summary Report on Arrests at Methodist Church in Jackson, Miss.
1965 James Saggus Terror Silences Negroes, Whites in Mississippi, Rights Unit Told
1972 James Forman The "Big Five" and the SNCC
1986 Ann Kimbrough The Fight for the Fifth
1990 Lawrence Wright The First Church of Rednecks, White Socks, and Blue Ribbon Beer
1976 Lloyd Gray The Glitter is Gone, Out the Fight Goes On
Myrtle Lane
Marjory Collins
The King is Coming!
1996 Sea Wilentz The Last Integrationist: John Lewis's American Odyssey
1966 John Alexander The Meeting of Minds
1966 Ed Riddick The Movement: Quo Vadis, Watchman?
1996 Martin Peretz The New Republic July 1996 Issue
1966 Unknown The Talk of the Town: Notes and Comments: Excerpts
1968 John Chamberlain These Days: The Ghetto Move to "Green Power"
1968 Unknown Tightest Security for Memphis March
1961 Frank Holloway Travel Notes from a Deep South Tourist
1968 Unknown Urge Action on CR Bills
Charles Marsh
Victoria Gray Adams, Bob Moses
Victoria Gray Adams and Bob Moses, Conference on Lived Theology
1991 Unknown What Martin Luther King Would Do Now About: Drugs, Poverty, and Black-Jewish Relations; Widow and Associates Tell How He Would Respond to Today's Burning Issues
1966 John F. Alexander What the Christians Must Do
1996 Kevin Chappell Where Are the Civil Rights Icons of the '60s?: What Black Activists Are Doing in the 1990s
Vicki Quade
John Lewis
Where did the Civil Rights Movement Go Wrong?
1963 Ed King White Church (Part Four) III: "'Freedom Rally' Preacher Kuntsler"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIV-B, "Easter Arrests" (Untitled Document)
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) II: Birmingham
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) IV: First Church Arrests
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) V: Ida Hannah Statement
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) VII: Kuntsler, Poole vs. Barnett
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) VIII: First Arrest Reactions
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) I: "Born of Conviction, Introduction January 1963 "
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) V-C: "Rev. C. Duke vs 28"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section II-A, "Other Attacks on Moderates"
Ed King White Church, Ole Miss Riots, Religion and Patriotism (Untitled Document)
1960 John M. Mecartney Will "Pray-Ins" Follow "Sit-Ins"?
2000 Jennifer Ford Will Campbell and Christ's Ambassadors: Selections from the Katallagete/James Y. Halloway Collection, Special Collections, University of Mississippi
1990 Patrick H. Samway Will Campbell: Fabled Preacher
1968 Unknown Work on Jury in Smith Trial
1962 Wyatt Tee Walker Wyatt Tee Walker to William A. Sharpe