1960-1963 -- Incarnational Organizing: Students Become a Major Force in the Struggle for Civil Rights

The sit-in by four African-American college students at a Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina on February 1, 1960 began a wave of student participation in the struggle for civil rights, represented by The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). SNCC sought to embody an incarnational ethic in its preference for grassroots organizing among the poor. Their efforts in the South worked to shine a light on injustice and eventually resulted in mass voter registration of African American residents.

  • 1960  Sit-ins begin at segregated establishments throughout the South, leading to the Freedom Riders initiative in 1961.
  • 1963   Klu Klux Klan (KKK) violence continues with the murder of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Field Secretary Medgar Evers and the bombing of the 16th St. Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, killing four African-American girls.
  • 1963  Malcolm X becomes the national minister of the Nation of Islam, rejecting integration and the non-violent civil rights movement.
  • 1963  200,000-300,000 attend the March on Washington where Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his ""I have a dream"" speech."

Quotes from interviews associated with this scene are listed below. To see excerpts from interview transcripts, click on the associated Excerpts link below each quote.

"And then they'll have a big book for you to write a section of the Constitution of Mississippi. And after you write it, copy it out of a book, he'll tell you to give, the registrar will tell you to give a reasonable interpretation. " Fannie Lou Hamer
"The civil rights movement was devoid of grace; it was using some unfortunate people as means to a communistic end." Sam Bowers
"...I think many of us that got caught up in the Civil Rights Movement saw it as participating, saw it as an extension of our religious faith, saw it as part of our religious conviction, part of our very being." John Lewis
"In 1956, I was talking on the campus of Mississippi State University during a religious emphasis week... I said segregation is incompatible with Christian Gospel." Duncan Gray
"Now, [the Mississippi Council on Human Relations] was revived in Oxford in '62... it was simply an organization that sponsored meetings, open forums to talk about issues. " Duncan Gray
"[Medgar Evers] said, 'you have to come back and there is a vacancy right here, the chaplain left... You have to come back because we need you, because this is your calling.'" Ed King
"...so we systematically organized church visits... that idea was never to crash your way into a white church, but that maybe when people saw the contradiction of turning blacks away from a church, they would have to wrestle with their conscience." Ed King

Find below primary and secondary resources located in the Project on Lived Theology's Civil Rights Archive associated with this Scene. Click on a title to see the full record.

Ed King Curriculum Vitae: Edwin King: Civil Rights Work in 1960s, Summary
Ed King Ed King Reflects on His Return to Mississippi
Ed King Jackson Movement: May - June 1964 (Untitled Document)
Ed King Midnight in the Delta - Terror
Ed King Mississippi Life "Church"
Ed King Mississippi: The White Church and Social Crisis
Ed King Part IV Winter-Spring 1963 "Vicksburg"
Ed King Part IV: "Winter Spring 1963"
Ed King Returning Home
Ed King Sixties and Sit-ins
Ed King The Minister & the Church & the Struggle to Come (Untitled Document)
Ed King Traffic Accident & Hospital Stay (Untitled Document)
Ed King Vicksburg: Family Funeral
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section I, "Introduction", The Winter of the Closed Society
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section II, "Church in Prison"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section IV, "Closed Church and House Church", Continued Visits
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section IX-A, "Letter from Christian Friend"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section IX-B, "Advent Letter"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section V, "Pattern of Church Visits"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section V-B, "Comments from White Church" (Untitled Document)
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section VI, "Why Come South" (Untitled Document)
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section VII, "Bishop Franklin", Council of Bishops Meeting
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section VIII, "Methodist Advocate -- Open Church"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section X, "1963 Christmas and Advocate"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XI-A, "Second Church Arrests"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XI-B, "Delta Ministry" (Untitled Document)
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XII, "Ministers' Projects"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIII, "Divided Churches"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIV-A1, "Church Visits, Winter to Easter"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIV-A2, "Church Visits Continue, Winter to Easter"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIV-B, "Easter Arrests" (Untitled Document)
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIX, "Conclusion -- Neshoba"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XV, "Advocate Assesses the Times"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XVI-A, "Methodist General Conference"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XVIII, "Epistles"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XX, "Footnotes"
Ed King White Church (Part Two), Section VII, "Footnotes"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section I, "Introduction I"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section II-A, "Other Attacks on Moderates"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section II-B, "Why Methodists"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section III-A, "Ole Miss Riots, 1962"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section III-B, "Ole Miss Riots"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section IV, "Second Thoughts"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section V, "The Missionaries"
Ed King White Church (Part Two); Section VI, "Church and Fear"
Ed King White Church, Ole Miss Riots, Religion and Patriotism (Untitled Document)
Ed King Woolworth's Lunch Counter Sit-In
John Lewis An Emergency Appeal to Southern College Students
Paul Gaston Jim Crow's Demise: The UVa Story
R. E. Davis Fifty Reasons Why You Should Be A Member of the Original Ku Klux Klan
Sally Rugaber Bigotry Recrucifies Christ, Selah Says
Sally Rugaber Bigotry Recrucifies Christ, Selah Says
Unknown Economic and Training Needs Mississippi Delta
Unknown
Fannie Lou Hamer
Fannie Lou Hamer Interview Conducted by Unknown Man
Unknown Hamer Raps
1960 A. J. Muste Pacifism Enters a New Phase
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
Fellowship: Peace Information Edition, "Polaris Action" Begins Anti-War Campaign
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
Fellowship: Magazine of the Fellowship of Reconciliation July 1960 Issue
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
Fellowship: Peace Information Edition, French Demonstrators Arrested
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
Fellowship: Peace Information Edition, Vanderbilt Nine to Return
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
Fellowship: Peace Information Edition, Will A Remilitarized Japan be "Secure"?
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
In Context: Editorial Comments on the Current Scene
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
News From the Peace Front
1960 Alfred McClung Lee Time and Conformity
1960 Alice Franklin Bryant Come Out of Your Ivory Tower!
1960 Arthur Gillette Marching to London
1960 Arthur Osgoode Evidence of Conspiracy Viewed in Mix Arrests
1960 Bishop Watkins Methodism's Present Task: A Southern View
1960 Dick Hines 20 Post Appeal Bonds in Disorderly Conduct
1960 Donald F. Martin France Watching Girl's Trial Here
1960 Ed King Letter from Ed King to Ray Jenkins (05/30/1960)
1960 Ed King Request for Extension of Deadlines Due to Trial: From Ed King to Boston University School of Theology (Untitled Document)
1960 Edith Lovejoy Pierce Race Prejudice
1960 Edmund G. Brown A Matter of Conviction
1960 Elroy Embry Letter from Elroy Embry to Ed King
1960 Fred D. Gray Letter from Fred D. Gray to Ed King (05/31/1960)
1960 George D. Younger "Success" and "Failure" in Inner-City Churches
1960 Haywood Paravicini The Rev. R. Edwin King Jr., Dressed in the Uniform of a City Prisoner
1960 Herbert Gezork The Status Quo and Dynamic Peacemaking
1960
Howard Schomer
Richard W. Reuter
William L. Neumann
John M. Swomley Jr.
Books
1960 Jane Stembridge Letter from Jane Stembridge to W.J. Faulkner (08/08/1960)
1960 John F. Davidson Warp
1960 John J. McDavitt, Jr. Minister Chops Wood, Cuts Grass for City
1960 John M. Mecartney Will "Pray-Ins" Follow "Sit-Ins"?
1960 John Wicklein Methodists Favor Segregated Church
1960 Jonathan Schwartz Letter from Jonathan Schwartz to SNCC (08/12/1960)
1960 Judith Rushin Pair Found Guilty in Integration Try: Fines, Terms Handed Down; Appeal Lost
1960 K. K. Chandy Potpourri: The Pacifist Role in the Kerala Elections
1960 Leo Hamalian Exposé
1960 Lillian Smith Behind the Sit-Ins
1960 Marion S. Barry, Jr. Letter from Marion S. Barry, Jr. to Martin Luther King, Jr. (10/28/1960)
1960 Marrion Barry Letter from Marion S. Barry, Jr. to Jonathan Schwartz (08/06/1960)
1960 Ray Jenkins A Futile Prosecution
1960 Rex Thomas Drastic Steps Considered to Prevent Mass Negro Voting in Alabama
1960 Thomas N. Carruthers Letter from Thomas N. Carruthers to Cleveland Sellers (04/05/1960)(Untitled Document)
1960 Unknown $173 Fine Given to Prof. Nesmith
1960 Unknown 50 Hymn-Singing Students Parade in Rain on Campus
1960 Unknown A Brief Look at the Top News
1960 Unknown A Brief Look at the Top News
1960 Unknown B.U. Student Gets Retrial
1960 Unknown B.U. Theology Student Rearrested in Race Test
1960 Unknown Birmingham Court Slates Sit-In Trials for Monday
1960 Unknown BU Student Gets 3 Months in Racial Case
1960 Unknown Dixie Jails B.U. Student
1960 Unknown First of Negro Appeal Cases Nearing Jury
1960 Unknown Greensboro Hit by New Sitdowns, etc.
1960 Unknown Heavy Fines Levied on Mixed Eaters
1960 Unknown Heavy Fines Levied On Mixed Eaters
1960 Unknown Integrated Diners Appeal; Release Scheduled Today
1960 Unknown Integrated Lunching in Montgomery: Trials (Untitled Document)
1960 Unknown Letter from Jane Stembridge to H.H. Sissel (07/22/1960)
1960 Unknown Letter from Jane Stembridge to Reverend Fred L. Shuttlesworth (08/11/1960)
1960 Unknown Local Cleric Amazed at Arrest in Alabama Integration Controversy
1960 Unknown Notes on Activism and Violence(Untitled Document)
1960 Unknown Pamphlet Reviews
1960 Unknown Platforms and Principles of the Mississippi State Democratic Party Adopted in Convention in the City of Jackson
1960 Unknown Religion: Holding Them in Line
1960 Unknown Sociologist Disappointed by Verdicts
1960 Unknown Student and Negro Jailed in Alabama
1960 Unknown Student and Negro Jailed in Alabama
1960 Unknown Student and Negro Jailed in Alabama
1960 Unknown That Men May Live...In Peace Together
1960 Unknown The Eleventh Annual Summer School of Religious Education for the Youth of the Fourth Province
1960 Unknown The Top News in Brief: Regional
1960 Unknown Walkout Plan Hit
1960 Unknown Walkout Plan Hit: Appeal
1960 Unknown White Minister and Negro Companion Fined $200 Each
1960
Wilfred Wellock
Henry J. Cadbury
Frederick J. Libby
Gordon S. Fairchild
Irwin R. Hogenauer
Henry W. Ridgway
Letters
1960 William Robert Miller Films
1961 Ed King Letter from Ed King to Elroy Embry (04/28/1961)
1961 Frank Holloway Travel Notes from a Deep South Tourist
1961 Fred D. Gray Letter from Fred D. Gray to Ed King (04/22/1961)
1961 Ralph D. Abernathy Letter from Ralph D. Abernathy to Ed King (05/09/1961)
1961 Unknown Letter from Glenn E. Smiley to Edward B. King, Jr. (01/17/1961)
1961 Unknown Mixed Dining Ruling Set Aside
1961 Unknown Shootings and Killings Since 1961
1961 W.B. Selah Brotherhood: A Sermon by Dr. W.B. Selah, Minister
1962 Arthur Gilbert Letter to the Editor from Rabbi Arthur Gilbert
1962 Douglas Renick A Southern Student Evaluates
1962 Ed King Ed King: Background Manuscript Material for CR Movement
1962 Ed King Methodist Church and Ministry Conference (Part II): Letter
1962 Gregory Wilson The Stained Glass Jungle Title Page
1962 Herblock 'We Don't Want ANY Outside Interference'
1962
J. Oscar Lee
Alfred J. Kramer
Interracial News Service September-October 1962 Issue
1962 J. Oscar McCloud Words From a Negro Pastor
1962 John Collins Student Interracial Ministry: A Venture in Reconciliation
1962 Laurie Pritchett Laurie Pritchett to Whom It May Concern
1962 Robert Seymour Interracial Ministry in North Carolina
1962 Roger L. Shinn The Student Interracial Ministry: A Venture of Faith
1962 Ross Barnett A Statewide Address on Television and Radio to the People of Mississippi by Governor Ross R. Barnett 7:30 P.M. September 13, 1962
1962 S. Collins Kilburn A White Minister Reports
1962
Student Interracial Ministry
Philip D. Brown
Douglas Renick
Samuel Varner
Ralph Luker
William G. Myers
James Forbes
Bonnie Cox
Harold W. Smith
Max Case
Roger Olemacher
Hank Elkins
Kent Organ
Klaus Schmidt
J. Grant Swank
Student Interracial Ministry: Mid-Summer Report
1962 The Student Interracial Ministry Committee 1962 Summer Report
1962 Unknown Acknowledgment
1962 Unknown Addendum No. I to Instructions to Special Hearing Officers for the Department of Justice in Conscientious-Objector Matters
1962 Unknown Cartoon: "An Individual Who Would Not Kill, Becomes a Killer When Venom Stirred in the Cauldron of Intolerance creates Mob Violence"
1962 Unknown Memorandum from the Student Interracial Ministry Committee to Friends of the Student Interracial Ministry
1962 Unknown Negro Church Restoration Fund
1962 Unknown Participation in the Student Interracial Ministry
1962 Unknown Resume of the Inquiry Re: Robert Parris Moses Conscientious Objector
1962 Unknown Statement of Purpose of the Student Interracial Ministry Project
1962 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry 1962
1962 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry Committee Expenditures and Projected Budget for 1963
1962 Unknown Table of Contents: Student Interracial Ministry
1962 Will D. Campbell Race and the Renewal of the Church
1962 Will D. Campbell We Are a Third Race
1962 Wyatt Tee Walker Wyatt Tee Walker to William A. Sharpe
1963 Denies Right to go to Church
1963 Anne Braden Anne Braden to Joan C. Browning, 3/13/1963
1963 Anne Braden Letter from Anne Braden to Ed King (11/23/1963)
1963 Ben A. Franklin Negroes Demand Maryland Action: Friday Protest Planned in Cambridge if Biracial Conferences Fail
1963 Bill Coppebager Thompson Urges White Boycott
1963 Bill Heidenry Letter from Bill Heidenry to Ed King (05/31/1963)
1963 Bill Livant Letter from Bill Livant to Ed King (12/21/1963)
1963 Brewster Kneen Letter from Brewster Kneen to Ed King (04/01/1963)
1963 Brewster Kneen Letter from Brewster Kneen to Ed King (04/02/1963)
1963 Brewster Kneen Letter from Brewster Kneen to Ed King (06/10/1963)
1963 Brewster Kneen Letter from Brewster Kneen to John R. Salter (04/01/1963)
1963 C. Herbert Oliver Dollars and Sense
1963 Central Jurisdiction Study Committee (Committee of Five) Central Jurisdiction Speaks
1963 Charles Duke Sermon at Broadmeadow Methodist Church
1963 Charles Morgan, Jr. Who is Guilty in Birmingham?
1963
Charles Morton
James D. Nixon
Statement: Visit to Capital Street Methodist Church (Untitled Document)
1963 Charles Portis Battle Flares, Nipped After Miss. Funeral
1963 Claude Sitton 27 Are Arrested in Jackson Riots After Evers Rite
1963 Claude Sitton Scores Arrested in Jackson March
1963 Council of Bishops of the Methodist Church A Statement by the Council of Bishops
1963 Council of Bishops of the Methodist Church Statement of the Council of Bishops of the Methodist Church
1963 David F. Lehmberg Letter from David F. Lehmberg to Ed King (11/06/1963)
1963 David J. Twigg Letter from David J. Twigg to Friends in Christ (11/15/1963)
1963 Donald E. Hall Statement of Arrest at St. Luke's Methodist Church, Jackson, Mississippi
1963 Ed King "Goals: Confrontation Strategies."
1963
Ed King
Jack H. Young
Carsie A Hall
Agreement of Retainer
1963 Ed King Birmingham Funerals
1963 Ed King Children's Crusades and Concentration Camps
1963 Ed King Church - Fed Court Notes
1963 Ed King COFO Office
1963 Ed King Death of Medgar Evers
1963 Ed King Excerpts from Manuscript on Jackson Movement
1963 Ed King Final Conversation with Medgar Evers
1963 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963
1963 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963-"Children's Crusades and Concentration Camps"
1963 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963-Church Kneel-Ins
1963 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963-Part VII
1963 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963-Woolworth's Part VIII
1963 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963: Week II, Church Kneel-Ins, Medgar Evers and Doctor Selah
1963 Ed King Memo on Abridgment of the Rights of a US Citizen (untitled document)
1963 Ed King Memo on Police Brutality (Untitled Document)
1963 Ed King Report on the Dereliction of Duty by Jackson, MS Police Officers (Untitled Document)
1963 Ed King Statement by the Rev. R. Edwin King, Chaplain of Tougaloo Southern Christian College
1963
Ed King
Bette Poole
Julie Zaugg
Ida Catherine Hannah
Summary Report on Arrests at Methodist Church in Jackson, Miss.
1963 Ed King Telegram from Central Methodist Church of Detroit to Reverend James Nixon
1963 Ed King White Church (Part Four) III: "'Freedom Rally' Preacher Kuntsler"
1963 Eli Hochstedler Letters to the Editor: GC Transfer Joins Civil Rights Move
1963 Eli Hochstedler Report on Events of October 27, 1963 (Untitled Document)
1963
Elmer E. Dickson
Joseph A. Buckles
Donald E. Walden
Gerald E. Forshey
"Help" From Joe, Don, Jerry and Elmer to the Methodist Ministers of Chicago
1963 Eugene Peacock How Shall We Work Together to Achieve the Goals?
1963 Fanie Lou Hamer Letter from Fannie Lou Hamer Seeking Support
1963 Frank E. Dement Letter from Frank E. Dement, Jr. to Ed King (10/07/1963)
1963 G.R. Weaver Notes on the Consultation on Jackson Mississippi Held on October 31, 1963 in New York City
1963 Galen B. Ogden "They Will Not Be Denied"
1963 Galen R. Weaver List of Persons Present at Jackson, Mississippi Meeting Held in New York City at 815 Second Avenue on October 31, 1963
1963 George Gordh A Letter to Amaziah
1963 George Maddox Letter from George Maddox to Ed King (06/03/1963)
1963 George W. Cornell Pastor's Race Stands Cause Resignations
1963 Gerald E. Forshey Gerald Forshey to Bishop Brashares
1963 Gerald Forshey Divided Flocks in Jackson
1963 Grace Bowman Letter from Grace Bowman to Ed King and John Salter
1963 Harold E. Zaugg Black and White Together
1963 Herblock "Keep Christmas in Your Own Way and Let Me Keep it in Mine"
1963 Hiley Ward Bishops Hit Methodist Bias
1963
Hoover Rupert
John Marvin
The Youthful Accent: "Churkendoose"
1963 J. Fount Tillman For the Living of These Days
1963 J.B. Cain Letter from J.B. Cain to Ed King (07/26/1963)
1963 Jack Thornell Marched to Waiting Police Car
1963 Jack Thornell Sit-Downs Questioned
1963 Jack Thornell Trusties and Police
1963 James H. Laird To the Council of Bishops
1963 James Reed Reprint of Articles from the Chicago Daily News, October 1963
1963 James Silver Letter from James Silver to Ed King (06/01/1963)
1963 Jean Fairfax Letter from Jean Fairfax to Ed King (06/21/1963)
1963 Jeannette King King Family Christmas Letter(Untitled Document)
1963 Jeannine Herron Letter from Jeannine Herron to Jeannette and Ed King (Summer 1963)
1963 Jerry DeLaughter Methodists Sever King Connections
1963 Jimmy Ward Quotes Taken From the Editor's Column of the Jackson Daily News
1963
John E. Marvin
John E. Marvin
The Editor's Pulpit: An Outrage Made Manifest
1963
John F. Baggett
Philip M. Dripps
Christian Unity, The Methodist Church and Jackson, Mississippi
1963
John F. Baggett
Philip M. Dripps
Christian Unity, the Methodist Church, and Jackson
1963 John J. Shaffer Letter from John J. Shaffer to Ed King (12/16/1963)
1963 John M. Mecartney Letter from John M. Mecartney to Julie Zaugg (10/12/1963)
1963 John Marvin Michigan Christian Advocate November 1963 Issue
1963 John Perkins Bunche Criticizes Powell in Address at Tougaloo
1963
Joseph A. Buckles
Martin Deppe
Behold December 1963 Issue
1963
Julia Jacobs
Foster Stockwell
Report of ICM Activities (II)- Selected From the Minutes of Membership and Steering Committee Meetings
1963 Julian Bond Letter from Julian Bond to James Ridgeway
1963 Julie Zaugg "Minutes" Tougaloo Movement, Fall 1963
1963 Julie Zaugg Statement by Julie Zaugg When Arrested (Untitled Document)
1963 Kenneth I. Brown Letter from Kenneth I. Brown to Ed King (06/15/1963)
1963
Marvin A. Franklin
Ed King
151st Session Mississippi Annual Conference: Galloway Memorial Methodist Church
1963 Medford Evans A Methodist Declaration of Conscience on Racial Segregation
1963
Medgar W. Evers
Doris Allison
John R. Salter
Letter from Jackson NAACP Branches to Ross R. Barnett, Allen E. Thompson, et al. (Untitled Document)
1963 Mississippi Freedom Vote Campaign Mississippi Freedom Election: Henry and King Receive Over 80,000 Votes, Majority of Mississippi Voters Don't Want Johnson
1963 Ned Letter from Ned to Joan Trumpauer
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman 4 Chicago Area Ministers in Dixie Integration Effort
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman 4 Pastors Arrested in Dixie
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Church Integration Effort in Mississippi: Pro and Con
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Church Integration Effort in Mississippi: Pro and Con
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Methodist-EUB Merger Plan Imperiled by Racial Strife
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Methodist-EUB Merger Plan Imperiled by Racial Strife
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Seek U.S. Custody for 11 in Church Arrests
1963 Nonviolent Agitation Association of College Pupils The Voice of the Movement November 1963 Issue
1963 Pauline Sellers Letter from Mother to C.L. (06/08/1963)
1963 Pauline Sellers Letter from Mother to C.L. (12/09/1963) (Untitled Document)
1963 Pharis J. Harvey Ecumenical Volunteer Service Project Leaders' Report
1963 Phillip M. Dripps A Critique and a Proposal
1963 Phillip M. Dripps Clone of A Critique and a Proposal
1963 R.C. Griffith Letter from R.C. Griffith to Friend (06/03/1963)
1963
Richard C. Raines Jr.
John Marvin
Wonders Who Will Implement Council of Bishops' Statement on Race (Letter to the Editor)
1963
Robert E. Willoughby
John Marvin
Tells How Pastors Were Arrested in Jackson, Miss.
1963 Roger E. Klemz Statement From Our Redeemer Lutheran Church Barring African Americans From Attending Services
1963 Roy C. Clark Sermon at Capitol Street Methodist Church: "Coming to Grips with the Real Issue"
1963 Ruth O. Moore Letter From Several Prisoners in Jail to Ed King
1963 Sheldon Trapp Reminiscences Written Upon Return from Jackson, Mississippi (Untitled Article)
1963 The Associated Press Church Mixing Blocked: Ushers Bar Way of Two Bishops at Service Here
1963 Unknown "On Our Knees": The Story of the Jackson Church Visits
1963 Unknown $5,000 Reward Offer Made As Youth Shot
1963 Unknown 'Non-Violents' Halted on Way to Jackson
1963 Unknown 12 Arrested at Churches Here Sunday
1963 Unknown 12 Arrested at Churches in Jackson
1963 Unknown 1963 Student Interracial Ministry
1963 Unknown 2 Area Co-Eds Freed on Bail in Mississippi
1963 Unknown 2 White Men Lead Crowd
1963 Unknown 24-Hour Watch Posted at Steel City Churches: Seeking to Minimize Dangers of Bombing
1963 Unknown 35 Are Jailed in Danville, Va., As Negroes Defy Protest Ban
1963 Unknown 67-Year-Old Minister Held in Atlanta Jail: Sentence Faces Court Test
1963 Unknown 7 Chicagoans Arrested at Dixie Church
1963 Unknown A Resolution Stating the Policy of the Mississippi Association of Methodist Ministers and Laymen on Racial Integration Within the Church
1963 Unknown Affidavit of Rev. Ralph Edwin King
1963 Unknown Air Base in Georgia Plans Integrated School in Fall
1963 Unknown Amendment Presented by Dr. Robert Mayo, Hinds Jr. College, to Resolutions
1963 Unknown An Account of the Arrests at Capitol Street Methodist Church (Untitled Article)
1963 Unknown Atlanta Baptists Invite Negroes
1963 Unknown Bombing Reward Passes $76,000
1963 Unknown Boycott of Schools in Boston Slated
1963 Unknown Busy Fall
1963 Unknown Carpool Sheet
1963 Unknown Chamber President Backs Integration
1963 Unknown Chicago Clergyman and 3 Co-eds Turned Away by Mississippi Church
1963 Unknown Church Visits Assessment (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Church Visits Campaign of Protest List of Arrests and Participants (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Co-eds' Conviction in Church Incident Tragic: Brashares
1963 Unknown Congress' Fateful Decision
1963 Unknown Critique of Sit-Downs (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Dayton Clergy Rally to Aid of Negro Family
1963 Unknown Defiance
1963 Unknown Diary Entry by Student on the Church Visits Campaign of Protest (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Four Yale University Divinity School Students Describe...A Week in Mississippi
1963 Unknown Funeral Aftermath
1963 Unknown Funeral March Finishes in White-Led Agitation: Minority of Mourners at Evers Rites Jailed (Agitation)
1963 Unknown Funeral March Finishes in White-Led Agitation: Minority of Mourners at Evers Rites Jailed (Funeral)
1963 Unknown Galloway Layman's Day Talk by Harmon
1963 Unknown Girls Kneel-Ins: Path to Church Leads 3 to Jail
1963 Unknown Hamer Campaign Biography Materials
1963 Unknown Honeysucker Arrested at City Center
1963 Unknown Jackson Churches Refuse 17 Negroes
1963 Unknown Jackson Court Test Resumed; Kneelers Fail
1963 Unknown Jimmy Ward
1963 Unknown Letter from The Student Council's Committee on Civil Rights to Fellow Students
1963 Unknown Letter from the Student Interracial Ministry Committee to Churches and Pastors Interested in the Student Interracial Ministry
1963 Unknown List of Addresses for the Church Visits Campaign(Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Local Clerics Voice Regret Over Bombing
1963 Unknown Mail List: Ministers Who Have Come
1963 Unknown Methodist Youth Planning 'School of Moral Concerns'
1963 Unknown Methodists Toll Bell for Slain Evers
1963 Unknown Ministers Are Urging Race-Communications
1963 Unknown Mississippi Ban on Integrated Worship Fought
1963 Unknown Motivation of Students' Role in Rights Protests is Studied
1963 Unknown Mrs. Medgar Evers Speaks to Cheering Tougalooans
1963 Unknown N.A.A.C.P. Weighs Boycott in Rhode Island Campaign
1963 Unknown Negro Girls Turned Away From Church
1963 Unknown Negro Leaders Pause to Reconsider
1963 Unknown News of the World: Minister Arrested in Prayer Demonstration
1963 Unknown No Negro Pews & Empty Pulpit
1963 Unknown No Plan Yet for Handling Kneel-In Group
1963 Unknown Note from a Negro in BOMBingham, Alabama(Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Note Regarding Trespassing Ticket from Lay Officer of a Church
1963 Unknown Notes from a COFO Meeting (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Notes on Request for Clarification in the Church (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Notes on the Church Visits Campaign of Protest(Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Pastor Calls Mississippi Rights Arrests Blasphemy
1963 Unknown Pastor's Case is Continued
1963 Unknown Pastors, 2 Co-eds Get Bail in Dixie
1963 Unknown Pastors, 2 Co-eds Get Bail in Dixie
1963 Unknown Persecution in Mississippi Spreading, Minister Warns
1963 Unknown Picture of Cross with Broken Chains (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Plea for Peace
1963 Unknown Pledge By Wallace Sought By Kennedy
1963 Unknown Police Arrest 18 Negroes in Carolina Demonstration
1963 Unknown Police Poised for 'Squatters'
1963
Unknown
John Marvin
Preaching and Practice (Letter to the Editor)
1963 Unknown Progress on the 1963 Student Interracial Ministry Project
1963 Unknown Raymond Methodist Board Urges Respect of Custom
1963 Unknown Raymond Methodists Back Layman Stand
1963 Unknown Report on the Strongs (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Resegregation Irks St. Louis Negroes
1963 Unknown Rite Pays Tribute to Evers
1963 Unknown Role in Murder of Evers Laid to Southern Officials
1963 Unknown Slain N.A.A.C.P. Member Mourned
1963 Unknown Some Suggested Revisions of Scripture for Use in Galloway Memorial and Capitol Street Methodist Churches in Jackson, Mississippi, and Others of Similar Ilk
1963 Unknown Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc.
1963 Unknown Statement By Ministers
1963 Unknown Statement of the Council of Bishops of the Methodist Church
1963 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry Church Agreement
1963 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry Church Agreement
1963 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry February 1963 Newsletter
1963 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry Participants, 1963
1963 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry Statement of Finance
1963 Unknown Students Report From the Summer of 1963
1963 Unknown The Christian Century November 1963 Special Report Issue
1963 Unknown The Methodist Jurisdictional System and Race Relations
1963 Unknown The Student Interracial Ministry: 1960 to 1964
1963 Unknown The Student Voice November 1963 Issue
1963 Unknown The Voice of the Movement Information Section (Untitled Article)
1963 Unknown They Sparked a Crusade
1963 Unknown They Went to Church--So 2 Chicago Co-eds Get Year in Dixie Jail
1963 Unknown Three Tougaloo College Students Arrested Trying to Attend Church, Spark Crusade to Open Churches (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Tougaloo Group Facing Fines of $1000 Each
1963 Unknown Tougaloo Trio Jailed in Miss.
1963 Unknown Troops Removed From Alabama (Untitled Article)
1963 Unknown Two Arrested After Refusing to Leave Church
1963 Unknown Unrest After Evers Funeral (Untitled Article Fragment)
1963 Unknown Vantage Point
1963 Unknown Viewpoint
1963 Unknown We Shall Vote for Freedom
1963 Unknown White Minister Held in Jackson
1963 Various Sermons at Broadmeadow Methodist Church, Capitol Street Methodist Church, etc.
1963 Various The Interchurch News, November 1963
1963 W. C. Shoemaker Negroes Make Little Headway With Campaign
1963 W.E. Lampton Letter from W.E. Lampton to Ed King (06/01/1963)
1963 Walter G. Muelder Letter from Walter G. Muelder to Ed King (07/10/1963)
1963 Wilbur Whanger Telegram from Wilbur Whanger to Ed King
1963 Will D. Campbell Southern Ministers are Rebelling -at Long Last
1963 William E. Mallet Letter to the Editor (Untitled Document)
1963 William Peart State Supreme Court Rejects Negroes' Plea
1963 William R. Richerson Letter from William R. Richerson to Ed King (06/02/1963)
1963
Wilson Yates
Gale Yates
Letter from Wilson and Gayle Yates to Ed and Jeanette King (06/05/1963)
1964 Ed King Jackson Mississippi, May 1963- "Woolworth's Lunch Counter Sit In"-Working Draft
1964 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963: Part XI-C Methodist Church
1964 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963: Part XIV-A Church Visits
1964 Ed King Mainstream Recruiting
1964 Ed King Mississippi Life (Fall 1963) VI-B: "Church"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Four) II: "Church in Prison"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) II: Birmingham
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) III: "Citizens Council vs. Church"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) IV: First Church Arrests
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) IX: "Outside" Response to First Arrest
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) V-C: Trial
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) V: Ida Hannah Statement
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) VI: Church Response to Arrest
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) VII: Kuntsler, Poole vs. Barnett
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) VIII: First Arrest Reactions
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) XII-B: "Reaction, Second Arrest (Editorial Comments)"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) XII: "Reaction, Second Arrest"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) XIII: Second-Arrests-Movement Response
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) XIV-B: White Church Leaders-von Hoffman
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) XIV: "Nazis in Church"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One): Footnotes
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) I: "Born of Conviction, Introduction January 1963 "
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) II: "Born of Conviction"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) IV: "Selah-28"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) V-A: "'Methodist vs 28', Cabinet"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) V-B: "MAMMAL"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) V-C: "Rev. C. Duke vs 28"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) V-D: "Rev. xyz (Frozen Liberal, Frozen Neo-orthodox)"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) VI: "Missionary-P. Billings"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) VII-B: "Rev. Hazel Smith"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) VII: "Spring, Summer '63"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three): "Footnotes"
1964 Ed King White Churches (Part One) III-B: "White Citizens Councils and Tougaloo Movement Statement"
1964 Fannie Lou Hamer Fannie Lou Hamer Affidavit (Untitled Document)
1964 Howard Zinn Mississippi Voter Registration Struggles (Untitled Document)
1964 Jerry Demuth Fannie Lou Hamer: Tired of Being Sick and Tired
1964
Myrtle Lane
Marjory Collins
The King is Coming!
1964 Unknown Judges Weigh Kneel-In Case From Jackson
1964 Unknown Southwest Mississippi
1965
J.H. O'Dell
Fannie Lou Hamer
Life in Mississippi: An Interview with Fannie Lou Hamer
1965 King A. Butler Rights and Righteousness
1966 Phyl Garland Builders of a New South: Negro Heroines of Dixie Play Major Role in Challenging Racist Traditions
1966 Unknown Biography: Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer
1966 Unknown Biography: Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer
1968 Fannie Lou Hamer Sick and Tired of Being Sick and Tired
1968 Unknown Biography of Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer
1968
Unknown
John Lewis
John Lewis Interview Concerning the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
1970 Bob Moses Mississippi: 1961-1962
1970 John Egerton "John Lewis," from A Mind to Stay Here
1970 John Egerton Fannie Lou Hamer
1972
Dr. Neil McMillen
Fannie Lou Hamer
An Oral History with Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer
1972 James Forman Chapter 43: The March on Washington
1972 James Forman Lucretia Collins: "The Spirit of Nashville"
1972 James Forman Selma Freedom Day
1972 James Forman The "Big Five" and the SNCC
1972 James Forman The Freedom Vote
1976 Fannie Lou Hamer Autobiography of Fannie Lou Hamer
1976
Jim Sessions
Sue Thrasher
John Lewis
A New Day Begun
1976 Unknown Southern Exposure Volume IV, Number 3
1978 L. C. Dorsey Fannie Lou Hamer
1978 Unknown In Memory of the Late Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer (Memorial Service Program)
1979 Unknown Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer: 1917-1977
1980 Gary McElroy Church Preaches Gospel of Race
1981 L. C. Dorsey Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer: Human Rights Activist 1917-1977 (A Mini-profile)
1982 Charles McLaurin Voice of Calm
1982 Danny Collum Stepping Out Into Freedom: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer
1982 Gerald Fraser Amzie Moore, 1960's Leader For Voting Registration, Dies
1982 June Johnson Broken Barriers and Billy Sticks
1983 Howell Raines Fannie Lou Hamer
1984 Paula Giddings Chapter XVI: SNCC: Coming Full Circle
1986
Ed King
Dorothy Abbott
Growing Up in Mississippi in a Time of Change
1987
Will D. Campbell
Myron A. Marty
Book Review: 40 Acres and a Goat: A Memoir
1988 Nicolaus Mills Heard and Unheard Speeches: What Really Happened at the March on Washington?
1988
Vicki Quade
John Lewis
Where did the Civil Rights Movement Go Wrong?
1989
Emily Stoper
Fannie Lou Hamer
Ella Baker
The Freedom Democratic Party and the Challenges
1989 Unknown Will D. Campbell
1990
Charles Payne
Guida West
"Men Led, but Women Organized:" Movement Participation of Women in the Mississippi Delta
1991 Sharon Bramlett-Solomon Civil Rights Vanguard in the Deep South: Newspaper Portrayal of Fannie Lou Hamer, 1964-1977
1992 Ed King A Prophet from the Delta
1993
Charles Marsh
Duncan Gray
Duncan Gray Interview
1993
Charles Marsh
Ed King
Interview with Ed King
1993
Charles Marsh
John Lewis
John Lewis Interview
1993
Charles Marsh
Will Campbell
Will Campbell Interview, 7/6/1993
1993 Charles Marsh Will D. Campbell, Interview Notes 8/1993
1993 Ed King Ed King to Selection Committee for Civil Rights Fellowship
1994 Beverly Pettigrew Kraft Jury Selection Complete in Beckwith trial
1994 Beverly Pettigrew Kraft Some Lack Knowledge About Evers
1994 Charles Marsh In Search of Sam Bowers
1994
Charles Marsh
Sam Bowers
Interview with Sam Bowers, 8/28/1994: Strick's Barbecue
1994
Charles Marsh
Sam Bowers
Interview with Sam H. Bowers, Jr., 8/26/1994: Uncle Roy's Home Cookin and Strick's Barbecue
1994 Claude Lewis Mississippi Shows Changes in Beckwith Trial
1994 Claudia Dreifus The Widow Gets Her Verdict
1994 Dan Even Retired UM History Professor David Sansing Examines Evers Case
1994 Danny McKenzie Beckwith Conviction Has Changed Views About Mississippi
1994
E. Al Minter
Gerry Graves
K.G. Gregory
Jane Goodman
Readers' Views on Byron De La Beckwith Trial
1994 Horace Buckley Are We in Mississippi Ready to Right the Wrongs That Have Been Done?
1994 Jerry Mitchell 'Mississippi is Free at Last' with Conviction
1994 Jerry Mitchell Portrayal of Evers Crucial in Trial
1994 Jerry Mitchell State's Contrast Reach to its Soul
1994 Jerry Mitchell Tougaloo Ex-Chaplain Expects to Testify at Beckwith's 3rd Trial
1994
Jimmie Briggs
Bob Moses
Doug Mindell
Dialogue with Bob Moses: Architect of the 1964 Freedom Summer
1994 Joe Atkins A Conviction of Beckwith Won't Make Mississippi Look Any Better
1994 Lucius Lampton McKenzie and Paper 'Keep World Safe for Hypocrisy'
1994 Mitchell Landsberg Beckwith Didn't Testify at Own Trial
1994 Sarah Campbell Beckwith Jurors see rifle; dead, ill witnesses 'speak'
1994 Sid Salter A Guilty Verdict Won't Alter Image: Racism Remains Potent Part of Mississippi Politics Whether Beckwith is Convicted or Not
1994 Unknown Beckwith Verdict: It's Never Too Late to Find Justice
1994 Unknown Emerge June 1994 Issue
1995 Beverly Pettigrew Kraft Only One Left Fighting Release of Spy Records
1995
Charles Marsh
Cleveland Sellers
Cleveland Sellers Interview, Denmark, South Carolina, 7/29/1995
1995
Charles Marsh
Bob Zellner
Interview with Bob Zellner, 3/29/1995
1995
Charles Marsh
Victoria Gray Adams
Victoria Gray Adams Interview, 4/6/1995
1995
Cleveland Sellers
Charles Marsh
Cleveland Sellers Interview, Denmark, South Carolina, 8/5/1995
1995 Monique Harrison Racial Problems of the '60s Continue to Haunt Us
1996 Beverly Pettigrew Kraft Judges Question Why Sovereignty Files Remain Closed
1996
Bob Zellner
Plater Robinson
Bob Zellner With Plater Robinson
1996 Fred Hiatt Mississippi's Secret
1996 Unknown American Civ. Liber. Union of Miss., Inc. vs. King
1996 Unknown Native Mississippian to William H. Barbour
1996 Unknown Sovereignty Files
1997
Jerry Mitchell
Beverly Pettigrew Kraft
Do Klansman's Memoirs Tell 'Truth' on Killings?: Sam Bower's Manuscript Supposedly Tells Who Really Killed King and Evers
1997 Jerry Mitchell Notes Threaten to Shed Light on Activists' Deaths: Friend of Sam Bowers Claims Book Names "Real" Killers of Civil Rights Leaders
1997 Paul Gaston "Sitting In" in the 'Sixties: A Historian's Memoir
1997 Will Campbell Elvis Presley as Redneck
1999 Paul Gaston Honor to the Class of '69: Reflections on Affirmative Action: Its Origins, Virtues, Enemies, Champions, and Prospects
2000 Staff and Press Reports Bombing Suspect Indicted
2000 Unknown Birmingham Post-Herald May 2000 Issue: Metro Section
2002
Charles Marsh
Fred Gray
Fred Gray Interview
2006
Con Browne
Ann Karp
Con Browne's Talks in Late February 2006, as recorded by Ann Karp
2012 Paul Gaston Government by Demonstration: Righting Virginia's Wrongs