Integration and Reconciliation: Strategies and Conflicts

Quotes and Documents found under the Theme "Integration and Reconciliation" lead to personal reflections and documentary evidence about integration in theory and practice between the years 1954-1973.  Between the Supreme Court's ruling on the unconstitutional nature of "separate but equal" in Brown vs. The Board of Education until integration became widespread in practice during the 1970s, integration was a highly contentious (and often dangerous) practice in the American South. The interview excerpts and documents, from sometimes very divergent points of view, provide opportunities to view different strategies and experiences of integration.

Quotes from interviews associated with this theme are listed below. To see excerpts from interview transcripts, click on the associated Excerpts link below each quote.

"They saw no contradictions in how they treated me and Christianity." Spencer Perkins
"[Maintain] a calm and loving dignity [and do not] deliberately sit by a white person, unless there is no seat." Glenn Smiley
"And then they'll have a big book for you to write a section of the Constitution of Mississippi. And after you write it, copy it out of a book, he'll tell you to give, the registrar will tell you to give a reasonable interpretation. " Fannie Lou Hamer
"They would say, 'Yeah, I've been a Klansman all this time and now I've joined the Civil Rights Movement.'" Bob Zellner
"...I tried to impress upon young people especially, that it is not by might... [not by] all that you know, but it is... by [the] willingness to listen to your peers and to your elders, and also by the grace of God that we have come a long way." Johnnie Rebecca Daniels Carr
"For the most part, people in the pew, they simply would not tolerate anything that’s that out of tune with the local culture. And they would say, “The hell with Mr. Jesus”!" Will D. Campbell
"And so they tortured us in that jail. And that’s when I said to God, 'If you allow me to get out of here alive... then I want to preach a Gospel that is stronger than my race... I want to preach a Gospel that could reconcile black and whites together.'" John Perkins
"In 1956, I was talking on the campus of Mississippi State University during a religious emphasis week... I said segregation is incompatible with Christian Gospel." Duncan Gray
"Now, [the Mississippi Council on Human Relations] was revived in Oxford in '62... it was simply an organization that sponsored meetings, open forums to talk about issues. " Duncan Gray
"I experienced the presence of the Divine as I had never experienced Him before... Almost at once my fears began to go... My uncertainty disappeared. I was ready to face anything." Martin Luther King

Find below primary and secondary resources located in the Project on Lived Theology's Civil Rights Archive associated with this Theme. Click on a title to see the full record.

Charles C. Wiggers Letter to Members and Congregation of First United Methodist Church, Clarksdale, Miss.
Charles M. Sherrod Concerning the Difficulties Faced by the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (Untitled Article)
Clarence Jordan Christian Community in the South
Ed King Herrons & Beloved Community
Ed King Jackson Movement: May - June 1964 (Untitled Document)
Ed King New Governor and New Words; SNCC Style and Old Religion
Ed King Part IV: "Winter Spring 1963"
Ed King Returning Home
Ed King Section from Manuscript on Mississippi Movement
Ed King The Minister & the Church & the Struggle to Come (Untitled Document)
Ed King The Silent Fifties: McCarthyism and Racism; White Resistance; Black Resistance
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section II, "Church in Prison"
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section VII, "Bishop Franklin", Council of Bishops Meeting
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XI-B, "Delta Ministry" (Untitled Document)
Ed King White Church (Part Four); Section XIX, "Conclusion -- Neshoba"
Ed King White Church -- "Beauty of Ashes"
Ed King White Church -- Beauty for Ashes
Ed King Winter, Spring 1964 Life in Mississippi XIX "The Canton Road"
Ed King Woolworth's Lunch Counter Sit-In
Joe Collier No Negroes in Their Churches
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) The Nocturnal Messenger
Paul Gaston Jim Crow's Demise: The UVa Story
R. E. Davis Fifty Reasons Why You Should Be A Member of the Original Ku Klux Klan
Unknown Clergymen Appealing Arrests to U.S. Court
Unknown Methodists Vote to Keep Segregation
Unknown Mixing Issue Causes Church to Withdraw
Unknown Notes on MFDP (Untitled Document)
Unknown United Church Acts to End Segregation
1932 Howard Kester The Interracial Situation
1941 Sherwood Eddy Letter from Sherwood Eddy to Highlander Folk School
1949 Milton Mayer The Jim Crow Christ
1950 Marion Bromley Marion Bromley to William Worthy
1954
Association of Citizens' Councils
Dotson McGinnis Nelson
Conflicting Views on Segregation: Reprints of a Series of Letters Between Dr. D.M. Nelson, President of Mississippi College Clinton, Miss. and an Unnamed Alumnus
1954 Dotson McGinnis Nelson Conflicting Views on a Vexing Issue
1954 Dotson McGinnis Nelson Letter from Dr. D.M. Nelson to Tom, December 13, 1954
1954 Dotson McGinnis Nelson Letter from Dr. D.M. Nelson to Tom, May 28, 1954
1954 Mrs. William Cottles, Sr. God Versus Segregation
1954 Tom P. Brady A Review of Black Monday
1954 Unknown A Parson's Jackassery
1954 Unknown Letter from Tom to Dr. D.M. Nelson, May 18, 1954
1954 Unknown Letter from Tom to Dr. D.M. Nelson, September 9, 1954
1954 Unknown Methodist Leaders Fight Integration
1954 Unknown Resolution on Segregation is Slated at Meet
1955 C.B. Lawyer Letter from C.B. Lawyer to Ed King (11/07/1955)
1955 Carolyn Allen Letter from Carolyn Allen to Dr. Wilburn (09/28/1955)
1955 Ed King Minutes from the Intercollegiate Fellowship Meeting, November 1955
1955 Ed King Note from Ed King to C.B. Lawyer
1955 Unknown Buses Boycotted Over Race Issue
1955 Unknown Holmes Pastor Told to Resign
1955 Unknown Minutes from the Intercollegiate Fellowship Meetings, December 1955 and January 1956
1956 C.B. Lawyer Letter from C.B. Lawyer to Ed King (03/05/1965)
1956 C.B. Lawyer Letter from C.B. Lawyer to Friends (04/02/1956)
1956 C.B. Lawyer Letter from C.B. Lawyer to Members (01/04/1956)
1956 C.B. Lawyer Letter from Neil to Ed King (02/05/1956)
1956 Charles Holmes Letter from Charles Holmes to Ed King (03/09/1956)
1956 George W. Cornell Methodists Agree on Racial Policy
1956 Herbert Ravenel Sass From the Congressional Record 1956: Mixed Schools and Mixed Blood
1956 Herbert Ravenel Sass Section Four: On Defending Racial Differences Until the Whole American People Recognizes the South as the Defender of Something Permanently Important(Untitled Document)
1956 Herbert Ravenel Sass Section One: On the Current Purity of the White Race in the United States (Untitled Document)
1956 Herbert Ravenel Sass Section Three: On the Resulting Lack of Race Preference in Children Who Are Allowed to Attended Integrated Schools and the Negative Consequences of Mixed Mating (Untitled Document)
1956 Herbert Ravenel Sass Section Two: On How the South is Being Maligned Through Misuse of the Words Segregation and Prejudice (Untitled Document)
1956 T. Ray Lawrence Letter from T. Ray Lawrence to Ed King (10/10/1956)
1956 T. Ray Lawrence Letter from T. Ray Lawrence to Ed King (12/07/1956)
1956 Unknown Buses Uncaught
1956 Unknown Franklin Hails Church Actions, Methodist Leaders of State Pleased
1956 Unknown Morrow Critical of Ministers
1956 Unknown Musician Flogged Over Integration
1956 Unknown Sad Day for Methodism
1956 Unknown Untitled Newspaper Article - Rabbi Harry Halpern's Support of Integration
1957
Ed King
Nina Cunningham
Nelle Coulter
Sue Cater
Marvin Pyron
Marilyn Herring
Jon Belton Walters
Jeannie Wesley
Kansas Kuotes December 1957 Issue
1957 Gloria E. Brown Letter from Gloria E. Brown to Ed King (03/06/1957)
1957 J.W. Letter from J.W. to Ed King (10/10/1957)
1957 J.W. Letter from J.W. to Ed King (12/18/1957)
1957 Nina Cunningham Race Relations and the Church
1957 T. Ray Lawrence Letter from T. Ray Lawrence to Ed King (02/05/1957)
1957 Unknown Boycott Menaces Integrated Farm
1958 Unknown Jackson Bishop Gets New Honor, Named President-Designate Of Worldwide Bishop Council
1959 Ralph McGill The Agony of the Southern Minister
1960 A. J. Muste Pacifism Enters a New Phase
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
Fellowship: Magazine of the Fellowship of Reconciliation July 1960 Issue
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
Fellowship: Peace Information Edition, Vanderbilt Nine to Return
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
In Context: Editorial Comments on the Current Scene
1960
Alfred Hassler
William Robert Miller
News From the Peace Front
1960 Arthur Osgoode Evidence of Conspiracy Viewed in Mix Arrests
1960 Dick Hines 20 Post Appeal Bonds in Disorderly Conduct
1960 Donald F. Martin France Watching Girl's Trial Here
1960 Ed King Letter from Ed King to Ray Jenkins (05/30/1960)
1960 Ed King Request for Extension of Deadlines Due to Trial: From Ed King to Boston University School of Theology (Untitled Document)
1960 Edith Lovejoy Pierce Race Prejudice
1960 Elroy Embry Letter from Elroy Embry to Ed King
1960 Fred D. Gray Letter from Fred D. Gray to Ed King (05/31/1960)
1960 Haywood Paravicini The Rev. R. Edwin King Jr., Dressed in the Uniform of a City Prisoner
1960 John J. McDavitt, Jr. Minister Chops Wood, Cuts Grass for City
1960 John M. Mecartney Will "Pray-Ins" Follow "Sit-Ins"?
1960 John Wicklein Methodists Favor Segregated Church
1960 Judith Rushin Pair Found Guilty in Integration Try: Fines, Terms Handed Down; Appeal Lost
1960 Lillian Smith Behind the Sit-Ins
1960 Ray Jenkins A Futile Prosecution
1960 Unknown $173 Fine Given to Prof. Nesmith
1960 Unknown 50 Hymn-Singing Students Parade in Rain on Campus
1960 Unknown A Brief Look at the Top News
1960 Unknown A Brief Look at the Top News
1960 Unknown B.U. Student Gets Retrial
1960 Unknown B.U. Theology Student Rearrested in Race Test
1960 Unknown Birmingham Court Slates Sit-In Trials for Monday
1960 Unknown BU Student Gets 3 Months in Racial Case
1960 Unknown Dixie Jails B.U. Student
1960 Unknown First of Negro Appeal Cases Nearing Jury
1960 Unknown Greensboro Hit by New Sitdowns, etc.
1960 Unknown Heavy Fines Levied on Mixed Eaters
1960 Unknown Heavy Fines Levied On Mixed Eaters
1960 Unknown Integrated Diners Appeal; Release Scheduled Today
1960 Unknown Integrated Lunching in Montgomery: Trials (Untitled Document)
1960 Unknown Local Cleric Amazed at Arrest in Alabama Integration Controversy
1960 Unknown Notes on Activism and Violence(Untitled Document)
1960 Unknown Pamphlet Reviews
1960 Unknown Religion: Holding Them in Line
1960 Unknown Sociologist Disappointed by Verdicts
1960 Unknown Student and Negro Jailed in Alabama
1960 Unknown Student and Negro Jailed in Alabama
1960 Unknown Student and Negro Jailed in Alabama
1960 Unknown The Top News in Brief: Regional
1960 Unknown Walkout Plan Hit
1960 Unknown Walkout Plan Hit: Appeal
1960 Unknown White Minister and Negro Companion Fined $200 Each
1961 Ed King Letter from Ed King to Elroy Embry (04/28/1961)
1961 Fred D. Gray Letter from Fred D. Gray to Ed King (04/22/1961)
1961 Ralph D. Abernathy Letter from Ralph D. Abernathy to Ed King (05/09/1961)
1961 Unknown Mixed Dining Ruling Set Aside
1961 W.B. Selah Brotherhood: A Sermon by Dr. W.B. Selah, Minister
1962 Douglas Renick A Southern Student Evaluates
1962 Ed King Methodist Church and Ministry Conference (Part II): Letter
1962 Herblock 'We Don't Want ANY Outside Interference'
1962
J. Oscar Lee
Alfred J. Kramer
Interracial News Service September-October 1962 Issue
1962 J. Oscar McCloud Words From a Negro Pastor
1962 John Collins Student Interracial Ministry: A Venture in Reconciliation
1962 Robert Seymour Interracial Ministry in North Carolina
1962 Roger L. Shinn The Student Interracial Ministry: A Venture of Faith
1962 Ross Barnett A Statewide Address on Television and Radio to the People of Mississippi by Governor Ross R. Barnett 7:30 P.M. September 13, 1962
1962 S. Collins Kilburn A White Minister Reports
1962 The Student Interracial Ministry Committee 1962 Summer Report
1962 Unknown Memorandum from the Student Interracial Ministry Committee to Friends of the Student Interracial Ministry
1962 Unknown Statement of Purpose of the Student Interracial Ministry Project
1962 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry 1962
1962 Wyatt Tee Walker Wyatt Tee Walker to William A. Sharpe
1963 Denies Right to go to Church
1963 Anne Braden Letter from Anne Braden to Ed King (11/23/1963)
1963 Ben A. Franklin Negroes Demand Maryland Action: Friday Protest Planned in Cambridge if Biracial Conferences Fail
1963 Bill Coppebager Thompson Urges White Boycott
1963 Bill Livant Letter from Bill Livant to Ed King (12/21/1963)
1963 Brewster Kneen Letter from Brewster Kneen to Ed King (04/01/1963)
1963 Brewster Kneen Letter from Brewster Kneen to Ed King (04/02/1963)
1963 Brewster Kneen Letter from Brewster Kneen to Ed King (06/10/1963)
1963 Brewster Kneen Letter from Brewster Kneen to John R. Salter (04/01/1963)
1963 C. Herbert Oliver Dollars and Sense
1963 Central Jurisdiction Study Committee (Committee of Five) Central Jurisdiction Speaks
1963 Charles Duke Sermon at Broadmeadow Methodist Church
1963 Charles Morgan, Jr. Who is Guilty in Birmingham?
1963
Charles Morton
James D. Nixon
Statement: Visit to Capital Street Methodist Church (Untitled Document)
1963 Council of Bishops of the Methodist Church A Statement by the Council of Bishops
1963 Council of Bishops of the Methodist Church Statement of the Council of Bishops of the Methodist Church
1963 David F. Lehmberg Letter from David F. Lehmberg to Ed King (11/06/1963)
1963 David J. Twigg Letter from David J. Twigg to Friends in Christ (11/15/1963)
1963 Donald E. Hall Statement of Arrest at St. Luke's Methodist Church, Jackson, Mississippi
1963 Ed King "Goals: Confrontation Strategies."
1963 Ed King Birmingham Funerals
1963 Ed King Children's Crusades and Concentration Camps
1963 Ed King Church - Fed Court Notes
1963 Ed King Death of Medgar Evers
1963 Ed King Excerpts from Manuscript on Jackson Movement
1963 Ed King Final Conversation with Medgar Evers
1963 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963-Part VII
1963 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963-Woolworth's Part VIII
1963 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963: Week II, Church Kneel-Ins, Medgar Evers and Doctor Selah
1963 Ed King Statement by the Rev. R. Edwin King, Chaplain of Tougaloo Southern Christian College
1963 Ed King Telegram from Central Methodist Church of Detroit to Reverend James Nixon
1963 Eli Hochstedler Letters to the Editor: GC Transfer Joins Civil Rights Move
1963 Eli Hochstedler Report on Events of October 27, 1963 (Untitled Document)
1963
Elmer E. Dickson
Joseph A. Buckles
Donald E. Walden
Gerald E. Forshey
"Help" From Joe, Don, Jerry and Elmer to the Methodist Ministers of Chicago
1963 Eugene Peacock How Shall We Work Together to Achieve the Goals?
1963 Frank E. Dement Letter from Frank E. Dement, Jr. to Ed King (10/07/1963)
1963 G.R. Weaver Notes on the Consultation on Jackson Mississippi Held on October 31, 1963 in New York City
1963 Galen B. Ogden "They Will Not Be Denied"
1963 Galen R. Weaver List of Persons Present at Jackson, Mississippi Meeting Held in New York City at 815 Second Avenue on October 31, 1963
1963 George W. Cornell Pastor's Race Stands Cause Resignations
1963 Gerald E. Forshey Gerald Forshey to Bishop Brashares
1963 Gerald Forshey Divided Flocks in Jackson
1963 Harold E. Zaugg Black and White Together
1963 Hiley Ward Bishops Hit Methodist Bias
1963
Hoover Rupert
John Marvin
The Youthful Accent: "Churkendoose"
1963 J.B. Cain Letter from J.B. Cain to Ed King (07/26/1963)
1963 James H. Laird To the Council of Bishops
1963 James Reed Reprint of Articles from the Chicago Daily News, October 1963
1963 James Silver Letter from James Silver to Ed King (06/01/1963)
1963 Jeannette King King Family Christmas Letter(Untitled Document)
1963 Jeannine Herron Letter from Jeannine Herron to Jeannette and Ed King (Summer 1963)
1963 Jerry DeLaughter Methodists Sever King Connections
1963 Jimmy Ward Quotes Taken From the Editor's Column of the Jackson Daily News
1963
John E. Marvin
John E. Marvin
The Editor's Pulpit: An Outrage Made Manifest
1963
John F. Baggett
Philip M. Dripps
Christian Unity, The Methodist Church and Jackson, Mississippi
1963
John F. Baggett
Philip M. Dripps
Christian Unity, the Methodist Church, and Jackson
1963 John J. Shaffer Letter from John J. Shaffer to Ed King (12/16/1963)
1963 John M. Mecartney Letter from John M. Mecartney to Julie Zaugg (10/12/1963)
1963 John Marvin Michigan Christian Advocate November 1963 Issue
1963 John Perkins Bunche Criticizes Powell in Address at Tougaloo
1963
Joseph A. Buckles
Martin Deppe
Behold December 1963 Issue
1963
Julia Jacobs
Foster Stockwell
Report of ICM Activities (II)- Selected From the Minutes of Membership and Steering Committee Meetings
1963 Julian Bond Letter from Julian Bond to James Ridgeway
1963 Julie Zaugg Statement by Julie Zaugg When Arrested (Untitled Document)
1963 Kenneth I. Brown Letter from Kenneth I. Brown to Ed King (06/15/1963)
1963
Marvin A. Franklin
Ed King
151st Session Mississippi Annual Conference: Galloway Memorial Methodist Church
1963 Medford Evans A Methodist Declaration of Conscience on Racial Segregation
1963
Medgar W. Evers
Doris Allison
John R. Salter
Letter from Jackson NAACP Branches to Ross R. Barnett, Allen E. Thompson, et al. (Untitled Document)
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman 4 Chicago Area Ministers in Dixie Integration Effort
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman 4 Pastors Arrested in Dixie
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Church Integration Effort in Mississippi: Pro and Con
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Church Integration Effort in Mississippi: Pro and Con
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Methodist-EUB Merger Plan Imperiled by Racial Strife
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Methodist-EUB Merger Plan Imperiled by Racial Strife
1963 Nicholas Von Hoffman Seek U.S. Custody for 11 in Church Arrests
1963 Nonviolent Agitation Association of College Pupils The Voice of the Movement November 1963 Issue
1963 Pharis J. Harvey Ecumenical Volunteer Service Project Leaders' Report
1963 Phillip M. Dripps A Critique and a Proposal
1963 Phillip M. Dripps Clone of A Critique and a Proposal
1963 R.C. Griffith Letter from R.C. Griffith to Friend (06/03/1963)
1963
Richard C. Raines Jr.
John Marvin
Wonders Who Will Implement Council of Bishops' Statement on Race (Letter to the Editor)
1963
Robert E. Willoughby
John Marvin
Tells How Pastors Were Arrested in Jackson, Miss.
1963 Roy C. Clark Sermon at Capitol Street Methodist Church: "Coming to Grips with the Real Issue"
1963 Ruth O. Moore Letter From Several Prisoners in Jail to Ed King
1963 Sheldon Trapp Reminiscences Written Upon Return from Jackson, Mississippi (Untitled Article)
1963 The Associated Press Church Mixing Blocked: Ushers Bar Way of Two Bishops at Service Here
1963 Unknown "On Our Knees": The Story of the Jackson Church Visits
1963 Unknown 12 Arrested at Churches Here Sunday
1963 Unknown 12 Arrested at Churches in Jackson
1963 Unknown 1963 Student Interracial Ministry
1963 Unknown 2 Area Co-Eds Freed on Bail in Mississippi
1963 Unknown 35 Are Jailed in Danville, Va., As Negroes Defy Protest Ban
1963 Unknown 67-Year-Old Minister Held in Atlanta Jail: Sentence Faces Court Test
1963 Unknown 7 Chicagoans Arrested at Dixie Church
1963 Unknown A Resolution Stating the Policy of the Mississippi Association of Methodist Ministers and Laymen on Racial Integration Within the Church
1963 Unknown Affidavit of Rev. Ralph Edwin King
1963 Unknown Air Base in Georgia Plans Integrated School in Fall
1963 Unknown An Account of the Arrests at Capitol Street Methodist Church (Untitled Article)
1963 Unknown Atlanta Baptists Invite Negroes
1963 Unknown Boycott of Schools in Boston Slated
1963 Unknown Busy Fall
1963 Unknown Carpool Sheet
1963 Unknown Chamber President Backs Integration
1963 Unknown Chicago Clergyman and 3 Co-eds Turned Away by Mississippi Church
1963 Unknown Church Visits Assessment (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Church Visits Campaign of Protest List of Arrests and Participants (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Co-eds' Conviction in Church Incident Tragic: Brashares
1963 Unknown Congress' Fateful Decision
1963 Unknown Dayton Clergy Rally to Aid of Negro Family
1963 Unknown Diary Entry by Student on the Church Visits Campaign of Protest (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Four Yale University Divinity School Students Describe...A Week in Mississippi
1963 Unknown Girls Kneel-Ins: Path to Church Leads 3 to Jail
1963 Unknown Honeysucker Arrested at City Center
1963 Unknown Jackson Churches Refuse 17 Negroes
1963 Unknown Jackson Court Test Resumed; Kneelers Fail
1963 Unknown Jimmy Ward
1963 Unknown Letter from The Student Council's Committee on Civil Rights to Fellow Students
1963 Unknown Letter from the Student Interracial Ministry Committee to Churches and Pastors Interested in the Student Interracial Ministry
1963 Unknown List of Addresses for the Church Visits Campaign(Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Mail List: Ministers Who Have Come
1963 Unknown Mississippi Ban on Integrated Worship Fought
1963 Unknown Motivation of Students' Role in Rights Protests is Studied
1963 Unknown N.A.A.C.P. Weighs Boycott in Rhode Island Campaign
1963 Unknown Negro Girls Turned Away From Church
1963 Unknown Negro Leaders Pause to Reconsider
1963 Unknown News of the World: Minister Arrested in Prayer Demonstration
1963 Unknown No Negro Pews & Empty Pulpit
1963 Unknown No Plan Yet for Handling Kneel-In Group
1963 Unknown Note Regarding Trespassing Ticket from Lay Officer of a Church
1963 Unknown Notes from a COFO Meeting (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Notes on Request for Clarification in the Church (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Notes on the Church Visits Campaign of Protest(Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Pastor Calls Mississippi Rights Arrests Blasphemy
1963 Unknown Pastors, 2 Co-eds Get Bail in Dixie
1963 Unknown Pastors, 2 Co-eds Get Bail in Dixie
1963 Unknown Persecution in Mississippi Spreading, Minister Warns
1963 Unknown Pledge By Wallace Sought By Kennedy
1963 Unknown Police Arrest 18 Negroes in Carolina Demonstration
1963 Unknown Police Poised for 'Squatters'
1963
Unknown
John Marvin
Preaching and Practice (Letter to the Editor)
1963 Unknown Progress on the 1963 Student Interracial Ministry Project
1963 Unknown Proposes Churches Be Ready
1963 Unknown Report on the Strongs (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Resegregation Irks St. Louis Negroes
1963 Unknown Some Suggested Revisions of Scripture for Use in Galloway Memorial and Capitol Street Methodist Churches in Jackson, Mississippi, and Others of Similar Ilk
1963 Unknown Statement of the Council of Bishops of the Methodist Church
1963 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry Church Agreement
1963 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry Church Agreement
1963 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry February 1963 Newsletter
1963 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry Participants, 1963
1963 Unknown Student Interracial Ministry Statement of Finance
1963 Unknown Students Report From the Summer of 1963
1963 Unknown The Christian Century November 1963 Special Report Issue
1963 Unknown The Methodist Jurisdictional System and Race Relations
1963 Unknown The Student Voice November 1963 Issue
1963 Unknown The Voice of the Movement Information Section (Untitled Article)
1963 Unknown They Sparked a Crusade
1963 Unknown They Went to Church--So 2 Chicago Co-eds Get Year in Dixie Jail
1963 Unknown Three Tougaloo College Students Arrested Trying to Attend Church, Spark Crusade to Open Churches (Untitled Document)
1963 Unknown Tougaloo Group Facing Fines of $1000 Each
1963 Unknown Tougaloo Trio Jailed in Miss.
1963 Unknown Two Arrested After Refusing to Leave Church
1963 Unknown Vantage Point
1963 Unknown Viewpoint
1963 Unknown We Shall Vote for Freedom
1963 Unknown White Minister Held in Jackson
1963 Various Sermons at Broadmeadow Methodist Church, Capitol Street Methodist Church, etc.
1963 W. C. Shoemaker Negroes Make Little Headway With Campaign
1963 W.E. Lampton Letter from W.E. Lampton to Ed King (06/01/1963)
1963 Walter G. Muelder Letter from Walter G. Muelder to Ed King (07/10/1963)
1963 Wilbur Whanger Telegram from Wilbur Whanger to Ed King
1963 Will D. Campbell Southern Ministers are Rebelling -at Long Last
1963 William Peart State Supreme Court Rejects Negroes' Plea
1963 William R. Richerson Letter from William R. Richerson to Ed King (06/02/1963)
1963
Wilson Yates
Gale Yates
Letter from Wilson and Gayle Yates to Ed and Jeanette King (06/05/1963)
1964 Arthur M. North Letter from Arthur M. North to Mrs. H.M. McDonald (01/27/1964)
1964 Bill Copenbarger City Active in Defending Against Racial Pressures
1964 Christopher S. Wren An "Insider" Stays to Fight
1964 David Wiley Context for Tragedy
1964 Ed King Jackson Mississippi, May 1963- "Woolworth's Lunch Counter Sit In"-Working Draft
1964 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963: Part XI-C Methodist Church
1964 Ed King Jackson Movement, Spring 1963: Part XIV-A Church Visits
1964 Ed King Letter from Ed King to Dick Gould (05/07/1964)
1964 Ed King Mississippi Life (Fall 1963) VI-B: "Church"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Four) II: "Church in Prison"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) II: Birmingham
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) III: "Citizens Council vs. Church"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) IV: First Church Arrests
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) IX: "Outside" Response to First Arrest
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) V-C: Trial
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) V: Ida Hannah Statement
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) VI: Church Response to Arrest
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) VII: Kuntsler, Poole vs. Barnett
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) VIII: First Arrest Reactions
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) XII-B: "Reaction, Second Arrest (Editorial Comments)"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) XII: "Reaction, Second Arrest"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) XIII: Second-Arrests-Movement Response
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One) XIV-B: White Church Leaders-von Hoffman
1964 Ed King White Church (Part One): Footnotes
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) I: "Born of Conviction, Introduction January 1963 "
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) II: "Born of Conviction"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) IV: "Selah-28"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) V-A: "'Methodist vs 28', Cabinet"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) V-B: "MAMMAL"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) V-C: "Rev. C. Duke vs 28"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) V-D: "Rev. xyz (Frozen Liberal, Frozen Neo-orthodox)"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) VI: "Missionary-P. Billings"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) VII-B: "Rev. Hazel Smith"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three) VII: "Spring, Summer '63"
1964 Ed King White Church (Part Three): "Footnotes"
1964 Ed King White Churches (Part One) III-B: "White Citizens Councils and Tougaloo Movement Statement"
1964 Ed McCusker Judge Chides Nine in Church Mix Try
1964 Eugene Carson Blake The Address Delivered by Dr. Eugene Carson Blake at the Memorial Service for the Reverend Bruce William Klunder
1964
Evelyn Gislason
J.T. Long
Phil Durkee
William R. Nye
Union Theological Seminary Newspaper October 1964 Issue
1964 Gerald E. Forshey Letter from Gerald E. Forshey to Joan (05/15/1963)
1964
James Atwater
Lynn Pelham
"If We Can Crack Mississippi...": At the Risk of Their Lives, Hundreds of Northern Students Are Challenging the Heart of the Deep South
1964 James Atwater 'If We Can Crack Mississippi...'
1964 Jane Stembridge Our Lives are Hectic
1964 Jim Newton Baptists Challenged To Improve Race Scene
1964 John Gillies Justice, Southern Style
1964 Johnny RAB 'Naw. We don't need accredited colleges': A Satirical Reprint from The Rabble Underground (Untitled Document)
1964 Kelso Sturgeon 'Freedom Party' Makes Plans for Challenge at Convention
1964 Leanne Marks She Cared Enough to Go to Jail
1964 Michael Harris An Idealist in Mississippi
1964 Murray Kempton Conscience of a Convention
1964
Myrtle Lane
Marjory Collins
The King is Coming!
1964 Neil Hindman Statement
1964 P. Boyd Mather Editorial Correspondence: Methodists and Renewal
1964 Unknown A Program for the Student Voice, Inc.
1964 Unknown Belhaven Closed to the "Public"
1964 Unknown Church Mixing Group Arrested Here Sunday
1964 Unknown Church News
1964 Unknown Church News
1964 Unknown Coming Events?
1964 Unknown Court Extends Ban On Rights Protest in Jackson, Miss.
1964
Unknown
Nonviolent Agitation Association of College Pupils
Culture Committee Increases Activity
1964 Unknown Excerpts from a Sermon by a Mississippi Methodist Minister
1964 Unknown Excerpts from a Sermon by a Mississippi Methodist Minister (Outside Jackson)
1964 Unknown For Immediate Release
1964 Unknown Jackson, Miss.
1964 Unknown Judges Weigh Kneel-In Case From Jackson
1964 Unknown Judges Weigh Kneel-In Case From Jackson
1964 Unknown Lee and In Our Heart, We Suspect
1964 Unknown Letter from the Student Interracial Ministry Committee to Pastors Interested in the Student Interracial Ministry
1964 Unknown Lutherans Adopt Rights Resolution
1964 Unknown Methodist Church Paper Speaks Again
1964 Unknown Methodist Ministers and Students Jailed Easter, 1964
1964 Unknown National Council of Churches Unveils Summer Agitation Plans
1964 Unknown Presbyterian Life May 1964 Issue
1964 Unknown Profile on Julie Zaugg (Untitled Document)
1964 Unknown Seven Ministers Freed On Bond
1964 Unknown Several Thousands Attend Coliseum Exposition Here
1964 Unknown SIM Intern Reports at Mid-Year
1964 Unknown Tennessee Synod Asks 'Open Door'
1964 Unknown The Church in Action: The New Shape of the Central Jurisdiction
1964 Unknown The Delta Ministry
1964 Unknown The Mayor Speaks
1964 Unknown The New Republic September 1964 Issue
1964 Unknown The Travail of Mississippi Methodism
1964
Van Bogard Dunn
A. Jeffrey Hopper
Paul M. Minus Jr.
Everett Tilson
A Statement Prepared by Van Bogard Dunn, A. Jeffrey Hopper, Paul M. Minus Jr., and Everett Tilson
1964 Various Exhibit C - Questionable Morals at Southern Christian Institute Near Edwards, Mississippi (Mt. Beulah)
1964 Various Exhibit F - A File of Educational Documents Relating to Delta Ministry's Operation in Mississippi
1964 William F. Route The People's Revolution
1964
William R. Nye
Evelyn Gislason
J.T. Long
Phil Durkee
Union Theological Seminary Newspaper Volume 18, Number 5 Issue
1965 Bill Copenbarger In Racial Matters: Says Defying Orthodox Policies Led to Arrests
1965 Bill Towe Virginia Students Work in Southside Counties
1965 Bruce L. Williams It Happened in Jackson
1965 Ed Feaver The Student Interracial Ministry
1965
Fred A. Alexander
John F. Alexander
Freedom Now, Vol. 1, No. 3, December 1965
1965 Fred A. Alexander Our Name: Freedom Now
1965 Fred A. Alexander We're Hatching Something Big: First Issue of Freedom Now
1965 Fred Alexander Evangelism: You've Neglected My People
1965 Fred Alexander I'm All Fired Up
1965 Fred Alexander Integration Now
1965 George Ballis Moses of Mississippi Raises Some Universal Questions
1965 Gordon Brown Shriver Faces Quiz by Stennis
1965 Haynes Johnson The Klan's Last Stand
1965 Jane Biggers Child Development Head Explains
1965 Janet Harbison A Costly Ministry
1965 John Alexander Noah's Curse
1965 John Perkins Methodists Close Eventful Sessions
1965 Jon Steinberg Florida Students Hold Statewide Conference
1965 King A. Butler Rights and Righteousness
1965 M.L. Young Dear Editor; M.L. Young to Voice of the People
1965 Morris Cunningham Head Start Study Questions Variance in Rentals
1965 Nicholas Von Hoffman Delta Ministry's Role Loses Friend
1965 Richard C. Mattox The Urgency of Missions
1965 Robert E. Baker Felony Count Dismissed In 3 Rights Killings
1965
Robert S. Allen
Paul Scott
Anti-Poverty Funds Slip Away in Salaries, Costs
1965
Sue Thrasher
Ronda Stilley
The New South Student 1965 Issue
1965
Sue Thrasher
Ronda Stilley
The Southern Student Organizing Committee and The New South Student (Untitled Article)
1965 Thatcher Walt NCC Head Says No Connection Between Delta Ministry, COFO
1965 The Associated Press Head Start Staff May Quit Posts
1965 Unknown Delta Ministry's Main Function is Civil Rights: Staff Members Have Leftist Backgrounds
1965 Unknown Incident Summary...
1965 Unknown Irregularities Found in Head Start Records: Misuse of Funds May Total $300,000
1965 Unknown King and Reuther Backed Mt. Beulah In Original Move to Obtain Fed Funds
1965 Unknown Levin Out as Director of Head Start
1965 Unknown MFDP News November 1965 Issue
1965 Unknown Misuse of Money Charged by Senator
1965 Unknown Mt. Beulah Funds Donated to SNCC
1965 Unknown Mt. Beulah Program Weaknesses Found
1965 Unknown NCC Helping to Launch Mississippi Radio Unit
1965 Unknown Philadelphia, Mississippi
1965 Unknown Picketing Scheduled to Resume at Mill
1965 Unknown Rev. Thompson Leaves Mississippi after Threats for Rights Activities
1965 Unknown Shriver Denies U.S. Funds Used to Bail CR Agitators
1965 Unknown Tribute Set Monday for Rights Trio
1965 Unknown Union Theological Seminary Newspaper October 1965 Issue
1965 William L. Chaze Negro Attendance at Church Noted
1966 Galloway Votes Open Door Policy
1966 Charles Sherrod Union's Welcome Table
1966
Fred A. Alexander
John F. Alexander
Benefits of Integration: A Great Door
1966 Fred A. Alexander Civil Rights Viewpoints
1966
Fred A. Alexander
John F. Alexander
Clone of Freedom Now, Vol. 2, No. 3, June-July 1966
1966
Fred A. Alexander
John F. Alexander
Freedom Now, Vol. 2, No. 1, February 1966
1966
Fred A. Alexander
John F. Alexander
Freedom Now, Vol. 2, No. 2, April 1966
1966
Fred A. Alexander
John F. Alexander
Freedom Now, Vol. 2, No. 3, June-July 1966
1966 Fred Alexander Do Bible Believers Believe Bible
1966 Fred Alexander Problems of Civil Rights
1966 Jack Nelson Ousted Chairman Tells of New Setup in SNCC
1966 James M. Lawson, Jr. Black Power and the Mississippi March
1966 James Peck Black Power: Two Views: 1. Black Racism
1966 John Alexander The Problems of Integration in the Church
1966 John Alexander The Problems of Integration in the Community
1966 John F. Alexander What the Christians Must Do
1966 June E. Steffensen Negroes as Neighbors
1966 MANAS The Psychology of Social Morality
1966 Ruth E. Weiss God's Standards, Or Man's
1966 Sam Dalton Is Divine Love The Answer?
1966 SNCC On Black Power
1966 Stokely Carmichael What We Want
1966 Unknown Black Power for Whom?
1966 Unknown Book Review: Crisis In Black And White
1966 Unknown Don't Handcuff Evangelism
1966 Unknown The Talk of the Town: Notes and Comments: Excerpts
1966 Unknown Union Theological Seminary Newspaper February 1966 Issue
1967 Donald L. Robinson Letter from Donald L. Robinson to Ed King (05/04/1967)
1967 Richard P. Unsworth Letter from Richard P. Unsworth to Ed King (04/19/1967)
1967 Richard P. Unsworth Letter from Richard P. Unsworth to Ed King (05/12/1967)
1967 Southern Conference Educational Fund The Southern Patriot
1967 Unknown Freedom Democrats to Try Again at Convention in '68
1967 Unknown Killing Follows Mississippi Vote: Negro Slain, White is Held-16 Negroes Win Elections
1968
Drew Pearson
Jack Anderson
Carmichael Manages to Skirt Sedition Action
1968 Fannie Lou Hamer Sick and Tired of Being Sick and Tired
1968 Richard P. Unsworth Letter from Richard P. Unsworth to Ed King (02/26/1968)
1968 Richard P. Unsworth Letter from Richard Unsworth to Mr. Mendenhall (02/22/1968)
1968 Unknown Baptists Make Public Text of Resolutions About Race
1968 Unknown Charge Bowers in '67 Bombing
1968 Unknown Go to Houston: Jones Baptist at Convention
1968 Unknown House Passes CR Measure
1968
Unknown
John Lewis
John Lewis Interview Concerning the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
1968 Unknown Pray for Recovery
1968 Unknown Urge Action on CR Bills
1969 Edward J. Pendergrass Information about "Ordered Desegregation of Public Schools" and the Use of Church Property for Private Schools
1970 John Egerton "John Lewis," from A Mind to Stay Here
1970 John Egerton "Will Campbell," from A Mind to Stay Here
1971 Ed King SNCC and Dr. Lohia
1971 Richard Aubrey McLemore A History of Mississippi Baptists, 1780-1970
1971
Richard Aubrey McLemore
C.B. Hamlet, III
Chapter Eleven: Mid-Twentieth Century
1972 Eleanor Blau 30-Year-Old Christian Commune in Georgia Thrives Under Adversity
1972 James Forman Chapter 43: The March on Washington
1972 James Forman Chapter 51: African Interlude
1972 James Forman Chapter 55: Black Power Stirkes
1972 James Forman Liberation Will Come From a Black Thing
1972 James Forman Lucretia Collins: "The Spirit of Nashville"
1972 James Forman Selma Freedom Day
1972 James Forman The "Big Five" and the SNCC
1972 Unknown Religion: A Bigger NCC?
1974 Will D. Campbell The World of the Redneck
1976
Jim Sessions
Sue Thrasher
John Lewis
A New Day Begun
1976 Kenneth A. Briggs Churches Found Still Largely Segregated
1976 Lloyd Gray The Glitter is Gone, Out the Fight Goes On
1976 Unknown Southern Exposure Volume IV, Number 3
1976
Will D. Campbell
Orley B. Caudill
An Oral History With Will D. Campbell
1980
Will Campbell
Bob Hall
Wekesa Madzimoyo
Chris Mayfield
Marc Miller
Joe Pfister
Kathleen Zobel
Jim Overton
Pat Bryan
Clean Up the Botulism
1982 Danny Collum Stepping Out Into Freedom: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer
1984 Paula Giddings Chapter XVI: SNCC: Coming Full Circle
1986
Ed King
Dorothy Abbott
Growing Up in Mississippi in a Time of Change
1986 Walter Isaacson Times Not Forgotten; In Georgia, Two Old Friends From the Movement Days Collide
1989 Charles H. Lippy Twentieth-Century Shapers of American Popular Religion
1989 Unknown Will D. Campbell
1990 Spencer Perkins Spencer Perkins's Unpublished Autobiography Chapter: "Body Punches"
1990 Spencer Perkins Spencer Perkins's Unpublished Autobiography Chapter: "Freedom of Choice"
1990 Spencer Perkins Spencer Perkins's Unpublished Autobiography Chapter: "I'm on the Freedom Side"
1990 Spencer Perkins Spencer Perkins's Unpublished Autobiography Chapter: "Line in the Dirt"
1993
Charles Marsh
Duncan Gray
Duncan Gray Interview
1993
Charles Marsh
Ed King
Interview with Ed King
1993 David Zurawik "March to Freedom": An Outstanding Hour For Local Television
1993 Jack Bass Justice Finally Comes in the Orangeburg Massacre
1993 Perry H. Biddle Jr. Providence
1993 Unknown Don't Compound an Old Justice
1993 Unknown Rep. Lewis Wants Army to Explain Spying on Blacks
1994 Beverly Pettigrew Kraft Harmony Christens Rebuilt Church
1994 Cartessia N. Hibbler Hub Native Serves as Howard U. President
1994 Charles Marsh Ed King, Interview Notes 11/3/1994, 12/5/1994
1994
Charles Marsh
Spencer Perkins
Spencer Perkins Interview
1994 Jeffrey Fleishman Freedom Summer Wrought Change Despite Bombs, Blood
1994
Jimmie Briggs
Bob Moses
Doug Mindell
Dialogue with Bob Moses: Architect of the 1964 Freedom Summer
1994 Jonathan Tilove Graduate Program At Ole Miss Painting a Picture of a New South
1994 Sid Salter A Guilty Verdict Won't Alter Image: Racism Remains Potent Part of Mississippi Politics Whether Beckwith is Convicted or Not
1994 Unknown Albuquerque Journal June 26, 1994 Issue
1994 Unknown Emerge June 1994 Issue
1994 Unknown Hattiesburg American May 22, 1994 Issue
1994 Unknown Jackson Clarion-Ledger May 16, 1994 Issue
1994 unknown Jackson Clarion-Ledger May 29, 1994 Issue
1995 Beverly Pettigrew Kraft Only One Left Fighting Release of Spy Records
1995
Charles Marsh
Bob Zellner
Interview with Bob Zellner, 3/29/1995
1995
Cleveland Sellers
Charles Marsh
Cleveland Sellers Interview, Denmark, South Carolina, 8/5/1995
1996 Beverly Pettigrew Kraft Judges Question Why Sovereignty Files Remain Closed
1996 Jerry Mitchell Court Orders Spy Agency Files Opened
1996 Kevin Chappell Where Are the Civil Rights Icons of the '60s?: What Black Activists Are Doing in the 1990s
1996 Martin Peretz The New Republic July 1996 Issue
1996 Sea Wilentz The Last Integrationist: John Lewis's American Odyssey
1996 Unknown Mississippi Bias Panel Spied on 87,000 People, Court Told
1996 Unknown Sovereignty Files
1996 Unknown Sovereignty Files: Panel Should Open Old Spy Papers
1997 Paul Gaston "Sitting In" in the 'Sixties: A Historian's Memoir
1997 Spencer Perkins Black Anger
1999 Charles Marsh "Douglas Hudgins: Theologican of the Closed Society"
1999 Paul Gaston Honor to the Class of '69: Reflections on Affirmative Action: Its Origins, Virtues, Enemies, Champions, and Prospects
2000 Jennifer Ford Will Campbell and Christ's Ambassadors: Selections from the Katallagete/James Y. Halloway Collection, Special Collections, University of Mississippi
2006
Con Browne
Ann Karp
Con Browne's Talks in Late February 2006, as recorded by Ann Karp
2009 Paul Gaston The Virginia Mystique
2012 Paul Gaston Government by Demonstration: Righting Virginia's Wrongs